Tesla’s Greatest Discovery is shrouded in more mystery than nearly any other human innovation in all history.
Gerry Vassilatos dedicated the first Chapter of his land mark book to this subject. His book has been viscously suppressed and is known to only true Tesla engineers. Yet even among them few realize how vital this information truly is. Gerry Vassilatos does not quote sources for this work which lead many to question where he got the knowledge, did he simply channel it from the aether or spirits?
The answer is not so exotic. Vassilatos was know to be a researcher of epic scope and thoroughness. Before the New York Public Library was drained, neutered and outright robbed of it’s old work Vassilatos combed through it’s halls and extracted tomes of works not known anywhere else. Documents in middle english that used the old notation system from the 1700’s still remained and works now long banned and archived away graced his eyes. We owe an immense debt to Mr. Vassilatos.
If anyone know’s the whereabouts of Gerry Vassilatos please leave a comment. We would love to learn more from the greatest Tesla scholar alive.
CHAPTER 1 – Nikola Tesla and Radiant Energy
Deep in the heart of many conspiratisttopics sits a desperate desire to rediscover
the lost magic of Nature. It was with this lost magic, this qualitatively
accessed communion with Nature, that late Victorian researchers were all too
familiar. Their numerous accounts cannot often be rationalized against the
wall of academic regulation which prides itself in explaining all natural phenomena
through Simple mechanisms, the reductions of natural phenomena to
meaningless force-chains. But even the journals of that day reveal a scientific
world absolutely awash in discoveries and anomalous phenomena, portraying
energies and dynamics which defy mechanistic explanation. The lost magic of
vital energy! Developments which came with our present century represent
empirical discoveries which yet have no theoretical precedent. In the very
midst of that marvelous Epoch stand several personages who must forever
remain as legends of Qualitative Science. One of these is Nikola Tesla. But
why is Tesla the shadow which yet so haunts and provokes military researchers?
Furthermore, why can it be said that the name of Nikola Tesla represents
the “absolute rule” by which to comprehend each of the successive military
projects, seemingly separate and unconnected experimental ventures observed
throughout the Twentieth Century?
Why are the various achievements ofTesla so often quoted in military hardware
articles, proposals which seem to attract the greatest interest only after
mentioning both his name and some aspect of his work? Since they most
certainly have not been able to duplicate Teslian Technology, why then do we
continually find that military project committees are forever yet attempting to
approximate Teslian Technology> Every professional Tesla aficionado secreily
knows that Tesla electrical energies were more like luminous beams of gaseous
light than radiowaves or electrified particles. What they do not know is
how he produced the energies. This Simple but profound process represents a
most fundamental natural principle which could never have been predicted.
Having been the result of accidental empirical discovery, so few suspect it can
exist. The blinding influence of mathematically precise models serves only to
block awareness that other realities can or do exist. However basic and simple,
Tesla Technology contains the secret of a power revolution which each knows
would have changed the world. In his lifetime, the once famous Tesla became
the target of dubious financial intrigues, failed death attempts, and outrageous
deprivations and deprecations. The fear which surrounded this rare genius
seemed to heighten with his every announcement, a thing which greatly amused
him throughout the years of his self-exile. It is the persistence of this fear which
so provokes military agencies the world over to make attempts in this essential
The central effort of each Cold War project tells the tale of seemingly separate
themes. But once again, only a complete familiarity with each stage of
technical achievement in this progressive advancement can enable an informed
comprehension of such themes. From a singular vantage point alone do we see
each of these separate themes merge, intertwine, and become coherent Themes
germane to comprehending Cold War Technology were each the resuIt of
private attempts at reproducing the achievements of a Single individual, one
whose work has now positively haunted the scientific and military world in
excess of a century. Why indeed is it also very obvious that, with the exception
of one very Simple dtscovery, neither military nor private developers have yet
successfully duplicated any part of true Teslian Technology? In order to best
appreciate the sheer frustration of radio and military engineers, whose consistent
failure to reproduce the effects reported by Nikola Tesla troubles their
fundamental theoretical base, we must study something of Tesla and his own
The technical themes relevant to understanding of all advanced technologies
necessarily begins with Tesla. Because of a long-standing network of misinformation
and the resultant skewed academic perceptions, Teslian Impulse
Technology has never been openly legitimized or endorsed as a viable threat
to either military or industrial agencies. This gloss is of course a complete
fabrication. The most diligent examination of Tesla lectures and other lost
Tesla publications, coupled with access to corroborative experimental work
which vindicates most ofTesla’s own findings, has made the following chapter
possible. In these few pages, you will therefore receive a summary review of
the essential Teslian principles. These are absolutely necessary before we proceed
with our central theme. My Simple request is that you patiently read
through this section, keeping in mind that all of the information will be completely
applicable to each subsequent chapter.
It is only through the window of Teslian Impulse Technology that we can
comprehend the progression of projects industrial and military throughout the
entire Century. Learning each lesson carefully will best help appredate the
scope of this present theme in all of its deep implications. Here you will find
factual information otherwise difficult, if not impossible, to obtain. One learns
quickly that “things Teslian” are much more than they appear to be. Tesla was
a classical lover of conundrums and enigmas, and knew how to use them to
encrypt his meanings. When Tesla spoke, everyone listened intently. But few
persons understood his meaning. To know Teslian Technology, one must be
willing to suspend conventional knowledge, listening only to the descriptions
and cunning understatements by which Tesla craftily concealed his priority
discoveries. Confusion over a surprising few distinctions has proved to be the
only stumbling block keeping professional engineering communities from
achieving the Teslian agenda.
It is for many young aspiring scholars an astounding revelation to find that
the degree of revolutionary thought engaged before the Century’s turn went
further than modern technology now dares to dream. The more established
academes consistently rejected Teslian hypotheses as a matter of habit. Tesla
was nothing less than aJules Verne character, who stepped out of a visionary
world and worked wonders in the world. What Tesla achieved could not have
been made possible without his extraordinary sensitivity and keen awareness
of his own perceptions. In the absence of physical evidence, Tesla all too often
worked his way toward natural truth. In this manner he discovered what theoreticians
would never seek.
Most who pursue things Teslian know the sundry details of his early work in
Polyphase, and his subsequent discovery of high frequency alternating current.
Few however manage to isolate, identify, and comprehend his most important
Single discovery, the phenomenon through which all of his supposed
outlandish claims were actually made possible. The discovery has not been
adequately described among those who claim to know something beyond the
initiatory facts concerning his work. Those who believe that only experimentation
will reveal the truth concerning Tesla may be in for a sad defeat Indeed,
those who undertake the reproduction of Teslian transformers know the disappointment
and subsequent disinterest which has followed so many others before.
Few are honest enough to admit the possibility that their own failed experimental
reproductions are entirely due to their own misunderstanding. Those
who publish the plans for such designs have already contaminated the process
with a fundamental and failure-prone misunderstanding. Old electrical
experimenter’s texts are no better. By the end of the last Century, so much
misinformation conceming the essential Teslian component, the Tesla Transformer,
had brought a complete and devastating chaos to the field. When
experimental results therefore contradict statements made by Tesla, the usual
conclusions find soured agreement with the low opinions of Tesla which academicians
hold. In the rare instance that they are able to manage a positive
remark, usually one of mock indulgence, the accolades address his early work
with Polyphase. Other than these occasional smug comments, most academicians
view Tesla as a “poet-scientist” who made too much of standard phenomena.
Nothing can be further from the truth.
After completing his initial work in Polyphase and High Frequency Alternating
Currenls, Tesla made a Singular discovery which forever altered the
course and nature of his experimental research. Whether purposefully or inadvertently,
this Singular discovery has been completely overlooked even by
those who claim to know his work best A Single article and statements made
in several of his Lectures absolutely affirm the conviction that Tesla, while
working with violently abrupt elecbical discharges, discovered a new force.
Indeed, it was through the development and application of this new physical
agency, his greatest discovery, that Tesla encountered unexpected and
devastating hostility throughout both the academic and the financial worlds.
The monstrous social forces which drove him into self-exile did not, however,
stop him from continuing his most important applications of this energetic
species. Living in New York City until his passing in 1943, Nikola Tesla continued
to conduct small experiments in applications which recall his discovery of
radiant elecbical energy. Few of his experiments were conducted without an
accompanying assortment of reliable witnesses.
Throughout his lifetime in New York City there were many notables who
observed these developments with greatest fascination. Among those who were
awestruck by the things they saw were Samuel Clemens, Marguerite Merington,
Robert UnderwoodJohnson, Edward Hewitt, Kolman Czito, Fritz Lowenstein,
George Scherff, Dr.Jolm Hammond, Lee de Forest, and Dr. Anton Kammela,
Several mysterious professionals who assisted Tesla in his actual tests runs
were Simply referred to as “Mr. Uhlmann, Mr. Ailey, and Mr. Myers”. Apart
from this scant information, we do not know more of these witnesses to his
works. Along with these personages were a number of his private machinists.
His secretaries, a number including Dorothy Skerritt and Muriel Arbus, bore
witness to his persistent experimentation. The office at 8 E.40th Street off Fifth
Avenue also served as a small laboratory workshop. All of this was moved to
the Hotel New Yorker in his later years. Thus whether on the large scale, by
which his younger years of experimenting were performed, or on the small
scale, which characterized his last years, there are several witnesses to his continuous
exertions and successes, What Tesla stated in the press, throughout his
career, were always supported by a great number of experimental proofs.
Tesla spent his student years in the Polytechnic Institute at Graz, Austria.
WhUe thoroughly engrossed in deep study of the “electrical mysteries”, young
Nikola Tesla observed the operation of an alternating current generator in a
lecture hall demonstration. This was the high frontier of his day, and he was
very much impressed with the apparent efficiency of this design. When compared
with the older Gramme machines, this alternating current generator was
a true engineering marvel. The complete absence of commutator bands in the
housing allowed the complete elimination of sparking losses, a greatly increased
efficiency in output current being the result. The AC generator did not sizzle
as it turned, it hummed. The problem was in the form of current which emerged.
It alternated with a regular tempo, first surging one way, and then the other.
Used for every application save one, motors, the AC generator outperformed
any device which formerly comprised the electrical arsenal of apparatus.
Slowly, methodically, young Tesla began developing a conceptual model
for a new system of power distribution based on alternating current. Consumers
could be given a superior electrical supply, one which would replace every
Edisonian model then so much the revolution. The Tesla systems could supply
power for most electrical appliances. Most, but not all. Motors proved to
be the problem. How to manage the continuous rotation of a motor operated
by an alternating current proved too taxing for any other mind. Tesla himself
was completely baffled for a time with this perplexing problem, but not because
he could not solve it. Tesla knew he already had the answer, a familiar
experience for one who received inspiration through vision. Tesla was awaiting
the moment when the revelation would flash before his eyes. Ready for
that instant, he would simply write down what he perceived in the ecstasy of
This vision proved nearly impossible to release until, while strolling in a
park, he chanced to behold a beautiful sunset. Moved to emotion, Tesla began
quoting a melodious poem written by his favored author, Goethe. During
this dramatic rendition, Tesla suddenly became enraptured with the vision of
a swirling vortex in the very heart of the sun. In this momentary episode,
Tesla demonstrated both his absolute reliance on vision and his ability to materialize
the same. The use of several superimposed alternating currents managed
the formation of a swirling magnetic vortex, one in whose grip an armature
was forcibly and continuously dragged around upon its axle. Tesla
Polyphase revolutionized the world. Tesla became a multimillionaire literally
overnight. Together with George Westinghouse, he harnessed Niagara Falls,
establishing forever the hydroelectric resource. Tesla continued seeking new
ways to improve his Polyphase system, developing means for raising the frequency
of current alternations into new and formerly unknown levels. He
designed and tested a few new high frequency alternators, high speed rotating
machines which produced up to 30,000 alternations per second. Tesla also
found it possible to send such high frequency alternations through a Single
At this time, Tesla unfortunately attracted the monopolistic dreams of one
l P. Morgan. The contact, established through Morgan’s associates, was one
which had more the atmosphere of a threat. Politely refused by the young
Tesla on several occasions, the continual visits by Morgan associates became
something of a humorous charade. Tesla had observed the results of yielding
to these forays, while working with Thomas Edison in New Jersey. Morgan,
who worked his way toto the Edison Company, eventually became the primary
stockholder. Enunciating his impossible demands on Edison, the aged
inventor was reduced to an callous and embittered shell. Tesla, who kept
politely refusing Morgan, was finally threatened. Powerline technology had
been monopolized by Morgan who, on the strength of this monopoly, strongly
suggested that Tesla might not be able to export his Polyphase Power to any
consumers. Without Morgan-owned powerlines there would be no Tesla-
Westinghouse Company. Tesla informed Morgan that means had already be
found to eliminate the need for powerlines, a statement which appeared the
very height of desperation. Morgan believed he had sufficiently leaned on
Tesla to acquire his company. But these attempts to force Tesla to yield falled.
Tesla proved more indomitable than even the imposing Morgan and, when
the silence was broken, Tesla demonstrated before Morgan associates a new
means for transmitting high frequency alternations through both the ground
and the air in absence of powerlines. Morgan was literally thunderstruck by
this premise, and sought opportunities against Tesla at every turn.
Students are taught that Tesla developed non-rotating high frequency generators,
systems employing sparks and capacitors. The name of Tesla is inexorably
and tragically equated only with alternating currents. It is in this essential
error that acadernes, engineers, young students, and avid experimenters have
too long remained. Though engineers still erroneously equate Tesla only with
high frequency alternating current, a recent and prolific experimenter has proven
all these suppositions to be fraudulent. While Tesla was in fact the first to
discover the high frequency alternating current realm, there was a more important
discovery which is rarely outlined. The truth of this second great discovery
remains unrecognized and unappreciated.
But what was the critical event which few recognize, and which fewer still
have the patience to extract from Tesla literature? When did this event occur,
and how does Tesla address the finding? Except for the consummate achievements
of engineer Eric Dollard, undoubtedly the most brilliant expositor of
Teslian Technology in the world today, we too would have believed the error.
What Mr. Dollard has successfully demonstrated is the absolute separation
between Tesla’s Polyphase period and the Impulse Technology which explains
his fifty years of experiments conducted until his passing. Mr. Dollard experimentally
vindicated most of Tesla’s basic and seemingly outlandish claims. In
a series of experimental demonstrations, exact reproductions of Tesla systems,
Mr. Dollard shows us evidence that post-Polyphase Teslian Technology relied
entirely upon a strange and special electroradiant phenomenon. But how did
Tesla arrive at this new and revolutionary development, and how do engineers
perceive this phase of his work?
James Clark-Maxwell predicted the possibility that electromagnetic waves
might exist. In theoretical discussions designed to more thoroughly explain his
mathematical descriptions, Maxwell asked his readers to consider two different
kinds of electrical disturbance possibly existing in Nature. The first consideration
dealt with longitudinal electric waves, a phenomenon which required
alternating concentrations of electrostatic field lines. This densified and rarefied
pulsation of electrostatic fields necessarily demanded a unidirectional
field, one whose vector was fixed in a Singular direction. The only variable
permitted in generating longitudinal waves was the concentration of he field.
Subsequent propagation along the electrostatic field lines would produce pulsating
thrusts on charges, pulsations moving in a Single direction. These “electrical
soundwaves” were rejected by Maxwell, who concluded that such a
condition was impossible to achieve.
His second consideration dealt with the existence of transverse electromagnetic
waves. These required the rapid alternation of electrical fields along a
fixed axis. Space spreading electrical lines would supposedly “bend to and
fro” under their own momentum, while radiating away at the speed of light
from the alternating source. Corresponding forces, exact duplicates of the alternations
produced at the source, would be detected at great distances. He
encouraged that experimenters seek this waveform, suggesting possible means
for achieving the objective. And so the quest to find electromagnetic waves
In 1887, Heinrich Hertz announced that he had discovered electromagnetic
waves, an achievement at that time of no small imporl. In 1889, Nikola Tesla
attempted the reproduction of these Hertzian experiments. Conducted with
absolute exactness in his elegant South Fifth Avenue Laboratory, Tesla found
himself incapable of producing the reported effects. No means however applied
would produce the effects which Hertz claimed. Tesla began experimenting
with abrupt and powerful electric discharges, using oil filled mica
capacitors charged to very high potentials. He found it possible to explode thin
wires with these abrupt discharges. Dimly perceiving something of importance
in this experimental series, Tesla abandoned this experimental series, all the
while pondering the mystery and suspecting that Hertz had somehow mistakenly
associated electrostatic inductions or electrified shockwaves in air for true
electromagnetic waves. In fact, Tesla visited Hertz and personally proved these
refined observations to Hertz who, being convinced that Tesla was correct,
was about to withdraw his thesis. Hertz was truly disappointed, and Tesla
greatly regretted having to go to such lengths with an esteemed academician in
order to prove a point
But while endeavoring toward his own means for identifying electrical waves,
Tesla was blessed with an accidental observation which forever changed the
course of his experimental investigations. Indeed, it was an accident which
forever changed the course of his life and destiny. In his own attempts to
achieve where he felt Hertz had failed, Tesla developed a powerful method by
which he hoped to generate and detect real electromagnetic waves. Part of this
apparatus required the implementation of a very powerful capacitor bank.
This capacitor “battery” was charged to very high voltages, and subsequently
discharged through short copper bus-bars. The explosive bursts thus obtained
produced several coincident phenomena which deeply impressed Tesla, far
exceeding the power of any electrical display he had ever seen, These proved
to hold an essential secret which he was determined to uncover.
The abrupt sparks, which he termed “disruptive discharges”, were found
capable of exploding wires into vapor. They propelled very sharp shockwaves,
which struck him with great force across the whole front of his body. Of this
surprising physical effect, Tesla was exceedingly intrigued. Rather like gunshots
of extraordinary power than electrical sparks, Tesla was completely absorbed
in this new study. Electrical impulses produced effects commonly associated
only with lightning. The explosive effects reminded him of similar occurrences
observed with high voltage DC generators. A familiar experience
among workers and engineers, the Simple closing of a switch on a high voltage
dynamo often brought a stinging shock, the assumed result of residual static
This hazardous condition only occurred with the sudden application of
high voltage DC. This crown of deadly static charge stood straight out of highly
electrified conductors, often seeking ground paths which included workmen
and switchboard operators. In long cables, this instantaneous charge effect
produced a hedge of bluish needles, pointing straight away from the line into
the surrounding space. The hazardous condition appeared briefly, at the very
instant of switch closure. The bluish sparking crown vanished a few milliseconds
later, along with the life of any unfortunate who happened to have been
so “struck”. After the brief effect passed, systems behaved as designed. Such
phenomena vanished as charges slowly saturated the lines and systems. After
this brief surge, currents flowed smoothly and evenly as designed.
The effect was a nuisance in small systems. But in large regional power
systems where voltages were excessive, it proved deadly. Men were killed by
the effect, which spread its deadly electrostatic crown of sparks throughout
component systems. Though generators were rated at a few thousand volts,
such mysterious surges represented hundreds of thousands, even millions of
volts. The problem was eliminated through the use of highly insulated, heavily
grounded relay switches. Former engineering studies considered only those
features of power systems which accommodated the steady state supply and
consumption of power. It seemed as though large systems required both surge
and normal operative design considerations. Accommodating the dangerous
initial “supercharge” was a new feature. This engineering study became the
prime focus of power companies for years afterward, safety devices and surge
protectors being the subject of a great many patents and texts.
Tesla knew that the strange supercharging effect was only observed at the
very instant in which dynamos were applied to wire lines, just as in his explosive
capacitor discharges. Though the two instances were completely different,
they both produced the very same effects. The instantaneous surge supplied
by dynamos briefly appeared super-eoncentrated in long lines. Tesla calculated
that this electrostatic concentration was several orders in magnitude greater
than any voltage which the dynamo could supply. The actual supply was somehow
being amplified or transformed. But how?
The general consensus among engineers was that this was an electrostatic
“choking” effect. Many concluded it to be a “bunching” action, where powerM
fully applied force was unable to move charge quickly through a system. Mysterious,
the combined resistance of such systems seemed to influence the charge
carriers before they were able to move away from the dynamo terminals’ Like
slapping water with a rapid hand, the surface seemed solid. So also it was with
the electrical force, charges meeting up against a seemingly solid wall. But the
effect lasted only as long as the impact. Until current carriers had actually
“caught up” with the applied electrical field, the charges sprang from the line
in all directions. A brief supercharging effect could be expected until charges
were distributed, smoothly flowing through the whole line and system. The
dynamo itself thus became the brief scene of a minor shockwave. He began
wondering why it was possible for electrostatic fields to move more quickly
than the actual charges themselves, a perplexing mystery. Was the field itself
an entity which simply drove the more massive charges along? IT this was true,
then of what was the eleclrostatic field itself “composed”? Was it a field of
smaller particles? The questions were wonderfully endless.
Despite the wonderful ideas which this study stimulated, Tesla saw a practical
application which had never occurred to him. Consideration of the dynamo
supercharging effect suggested a new experimental apparatus. It was
one which could greatly outperform his capacitor battery in the search to find
electrical waves. A Simple high voltage DC generator provided his electric
field source. Tesla understood that the resistance of lines or components, viewed
from the dynamo end, seemed to be an impossible “barrier” for charge carriers
to penelrate. This barrier caused the “bunching” effect. Eleclrostatic charges
were literally stopped and held for an instant by line resistance, a barrier which
only existed during the brief millisecond interval in which the power switch
was closed. The sudden force application against this virtual barrier squeezed
charge into a density impossible to obtain with ordinary capacitors. It was the
brief application of power, the impact of charge against the resistance barrier,
which brought this abnormal electro-densifled condition. This is why the conductive
wires in his present experiment often exploded.
The analogy to steam power and steam engines was urunistakable. Large
steam engines had to be valved very carefully. This required the expertise of
old and well-experienced operators who knew how to “open up” an engine
without rupturing the vessels and causing a deadly explosion. Too suddenly
valved, and even a large steam engine of very high capacity could explode.
Steam also had to be admitted into a system gently, until it began smoothly
and gradually flowing into every orifice, conduit, and component. Here too
was the mysterious “choking” effect, where a large capacity system seemed to
behave like an uncommonly high resistance to any sudden and sustained application
of force. Tesla learned that he could literally shape the resultant discharge,
by modifying certain circuit parameters. Time, force, and resistance
were variables necessary to producing the phenomenon.
The academic world of experimenters was yet fixated on his former discovery
of high frequency alternating currents. It seemed that Tesla alone now
exclusively studied these impulse discharges. He was producing explosive impulses
which had not been observed in laboratories. Every component was
carefully insulated, himself implementing insulator rods and rubberized regalia
to insure complete safety. Tesla had observed electrostatic machines whose
ability to charge insulated metals was potent, but this demonslration exceeded
the mere charging of wire by the instantaneous switch closure. This effect
produced “springing” charge, phenomena like no other before witnessed by
Tesla for its sheer strength. Whatever the conditions observed in previous
systems, he had now leamed how to maximize the effect. Balancing voltage
and resistance against capacity, Tesla leamed to routinely produce supercharge
states which no existing device could equal.
Emptrical observation had long taught that ordinary capacitor discharges
were oscillating currents, spark currents which literally “bounced” between
each capacitor plate until their stored energy was wasted away. The high voltage
of the dynamo exerted such an intense unidirectional pressure on the
densified charges that alternations were impossible. The only possible
backrushes were oscillations. In this case, charges surged and stopped in a
long series until the supercharge was wasted away. All parameters which forced
such oscillations actually limited the supercharge from manifesting its total
energetic supply, a condition Tesla strove to eliminate. Indeed he spent an
excessive time developing various means to block every “backrush” and other
complex current echo which might forced the supercharge to prematurely
waste its dense energy. Here was an effect demanding a Single unidirectional
super pulse. With both the oscillations and alternations eliminated, new and
strange effects began making their appearance. These powerful and penetrating
phenomena were never observed when working with high frequency alternations.
The sudden quick closure of the switch now brought a penetrating shockwave
throughout the laboratory, one which could be felt both as a sharp pressure
and a penetrating electrical irritation. A “sting”. Face and hands were especially
sensitive to the explosive shockwaves, which also produced a curious
“stinging” effect at close range. Tesla believed that material particles approaching
the vapor state were literally thrust out of the wires in all directions. In
order to better study these effects, he poised himself behind a glass shield and
resumed the study. Despite the shield, both shockwaves and stinging effects
were felt by the now mystified Tesla. This anomaly provoked a curiosity of the
very deepest kind, for such a thing was never before observed. More powerful
and penetrating than the mere electrostatic charging of metals, this phenomenon
literally propelled high voltage charge out into the surrounding space
where it was felt as a stinging sensation. The stings lasting for a small fraction of
a second, the instant of switch closure. But Tesla believed that these strange
effects were a Simple effect of ionized shockwaves in the air, rather like a
strongly ionized thunderclap.
Tesla devised a new series of experiments to measure the shockwave pressure
from a greater distance. He required an automatic “trip switch”. With this
properly arranged, a more controlled and repetitious triggering of the effect
was possible. In addition, this arrangement permitted distant observations which
might cast more light on the shied-permeating phenomenon. Controlling the
speed of the high voltage dynamo controlled the voltage. With these components
properly adjusted, Tesla was able to walk around his large gallery spaces
and make observations. Wishing also to avoid the continuous pressure barrage
and its slinging sparks, Tesla shielded himself with several materials. The
arrangement of rapidly interrupted high voltage direct currents resulted in the
radiation of slinging rays which could be felt at great distances from their
super-sparking source. In fact, Tesla felt the slings right through the shields!
Whatever had been released from the wires during the instant of switch closure,
successfully penetrated the shields of glass and of copper. It made no
difference, the effect permeated each substance as if the shield were not there
at all. Here was an electrical effect which communicated directly through space
without material connections. Radiant electricity!
In these several new observations, the phenomenon was violating electrostatic
charge principles experimentally established by Faraday. Projected electrostatic
charges normally spread out over the surface of metallic shield, they
do not penetrate metal. This effect had certain very non-electrical characteristics.
Tesla was truly mystified by this strange new phenomenon, and searched
the literature for references to its characteristics. No such reference was found,
except in the surreptitious observations of two experimenters. In one case,
Joseph Henry observed the magnetization of steel needles by a heavy spark
discharge. The extraordinary feature of this observation (1842) lay in the fact
that the Leyden Jar, whose spark apparently produced the magnetizations,
stood on the upper floor of an otherwise electrically tmpervious building. Brick
walls, thick oak doors, heavy stone and iron flooring, tin ceilings. Moreover,
the steel needles were housed in a vault in the cellar. How did the spark affect
such a change through such a natural barrier? Dr. Henry believed that the
spark had released special “light-like rays”, and these were the penetrating
agencies responsible for the magnetizations.
A second such account (1872) occurred in a high school building in Philadelphia
Elthu Thomson, a physics instructor, sought to make the sparks of a
large Ruhmkorrf Spark Cot! more visible for his next lecture. Attaching one
pole of the cot! to a cold water pipe, and reactivating the coil, Thomson was
thrilled to find that the nature of the spark had changed from blue to white.
Wishing to amplify this effect, Thomson attached the other pole to a large
metal tabletop. Again reactivating the coil produced a shrieking silver-white
spark, entirely visible to any who sat in the last row. Wishing to show this to a
colleague, Edwin Houston, Thomson made for the door and was abruptly
stopped. Touching the brass knob on the otherwise insulated oak door,
Thomson received an unexpected sizzling shock. Turning off the Ruhmkorrf
Coil, Thomson found it possible to stop the effect. Calling for Edwin, he summarized
what had occurred. Then turning the unit back on again, the stinging
charge effects returned. The two gentlemen ran throughout the huge stone,
oak, and iron building with insulated metal objects now. Each touch of a penknife
or screwdriver to anything metallic, however distant from the coil or
insulated from the floor, produced long and continuous white sparks. The
account was written up as a short article in Scientific American later in the
In studying each of these two prior observations, events each separated by
some thirty years, Tesla perceived an essential unity with that of his own discovery.
Each observation was perhaps a slight variant of the very same phenomenon.
Somehow accidentally, each experimenter had managed to produce
the explosive super-charging effect. In the case of Dr. Henry, the explosive
bursts occurred in a Single flash, electrostatic machines being used to
accumulate the initial charge. The second case was peculiar, since it evidenced
the sustained and continuous production of super-charging effects. The effect
was rare because it obviously required very stringent electrical parameters.
Tesla deduced this from the simple fact that the effect was so infrequently
observed by experimenters the world over. In addition, he was quick to remark
concerning the anomalous attributes attached to the phenomenon. Tesla
knew that, despite the extremely penetrating effects in each case, he had secured
the only means for achieving the “complete” and maximum manifestation
of supercharging. His was an apparatus with no equal, capable of releasing
an aspect of the electrostatic field which others very apparently had not.
Though discovered by Tesla in 1889, the preliminary observation of this
effect was published after an intensive battery of investigations. The “Dissipation
of Electricity”, published just prior to Christmas of 1892, is the pivotal
Tesla lecture. This is the departure point in which Tesla abandons research
and development of high frequency alternating current. Divorcing himself from
that field entirely, Tesla describes the shockwaves and other effects of IMPULSES.
In addition to those physical sensations which he describes in characteristic
understatements, Tesla also enlarges upon the “gaseous” aspects associated with the phenomena. He observed that the abruptly charged wires in his experiments projected a strange gaseous stream when immersed in an oil
bath. A phenomenon which he once thought due entirely to wire-adsorbed
gases, he found that the effect could be so continuously produced from a
Single wire that no volume of ordinary adsorbed gas could supply the flow.
Indeed, he was able to produce streams of this kind in oil which so powerfully
projected from charged wire ends that they visibly depressed the oil into a
hole, some two inches in depth! Tesla began to realize the true nature of the
fine issuing “gas” which projected from wire ends immersed in oil.
He now prepared an extensive series of tests in order to determine the true
cause and nature of these shocking air pulses. In his article, Tesla describes the
shield-permeating shocks as “soundwaves of electrified air”. Nevertheless, he
makes a remarkable statement concerning the sound, heat, light, pressure, and
shock which he sensed passing directly through copper plates. Collectively,
they “imply the presence of a medium of gaseous structure, that is, one consisting
of independent carriers capable of free motion”. Since air was obviously
not this “medium”, to what then was he referring? Further in the article he
clearly states that “besides the air, another medium is present”.
Through successive experimental arrangements, Tesla discovered several
facts concerning the production of his effect. First, the cause was undoubtedly
found in the abruptness of charging. It was tn the switch closure, the very
instant of “closure and break”, which thrust the effect out into space. The effect
was definitely related to time, IMPULSE time. Second, Tesla found that it was
imperative that the charging process occurred in a Singleimpulse. No reversal
of current was permissible, else the effect would not manifest. In this, Tesla
made succinct remarks describing the role of capacity in the spark-radiative
circuit. He found that the effect was powerfully strengthened by placing a
capacitor between the disrupter and the dynamo. While providing a tremendous
power in the effect, the dielectric of the capacitor also served to protect
the dynamo windings. Not yet sure of the process at work in this phenomenon,
Tesla sought the empirical understanding required for its amplification and
utilization. He had already realized the significance of this unexpected effect.
The idea of bringing this strange and wondrous new phenomenon to its full
potential already suggested thrilling new possibilities in his mind. He completely
abandoned research and development of alternating current systems
after this event, intimating that a new technology was about to unfold.
The effect could also be greatly intensified to new and more powerful levels
by raising the voltage, quickening the switch “make-break” rate, and shortening
the actual time of switch closure. Thus far, Tesla employed rotating contact
switches to produce his unidirectional impulses. When these mechanical impulse
systems failed to achieve the greatest possible effects, Tesla sought a
more “automatic” and powerful means. He found this “automatic switch” in
special electrical arc dischargers. The high voltage output of a DC generator
was applied to twin conductors through his new arc mechanism, a very powerful
permanent magnet sitting crosswise to the discharge path. The discharge
arc was automatically and continually “blown out” by this magnetic field.
Imperative toward obtaining the desired rare effect, the capacitor and its
connected wire lines had to be so chosen as to receive and discharge the
acquired electrostatlc charge in unidirectional staccato fashion. The true Tesla
circuit very much resembles a pulse jet, where no back pressure ever stops the
onrushing flow. Electrostatic charge rises to a maximum, and is discharged
much more quickly. The constant application of high voltage dynamo pressure
to the circuit insures that continual successions of “charge-rapid discharge”
are obtained. It is then and only then that the Tesla Effect is observed. Pulses
literally flow through the apparatus from the dynamo. The capacitor, disrupter,
and its attached wire lines, behave as the flutter valve.
The high voltage dynamo remains the true electrostatic source in the apparatus.
This was a fact well appreciated by Tesla, who disliked the painful radiant
effects proceeding into space. It was evident that the dynamo had somehow
been modified by the addition of these “pulsing valve” circuits. The dynamos
being used provided deadly voltages, capable of killing a man. The valve
circuits were forcing a strange radiance of those deacUyfield energies. Somehow,
the dynamo energy was being expanded into space with dangerous and
painful force. But how? By what mysterious and provocative means was this
condition established? The result of this experimental series fixed a new concept
in Tesla’s mind. Tesla had of course realized the implications of his mysterious
shocking-field effect. This was radiant electricity. With this phenomenon,
Tesla could develop a far better world-changing technology than
Polyphase. Moreover, this radiant electric effect could replace powerlines.
The Tesla Research Laboratory was a four story structure which stood at
33-35South Fifih Avenue in New York City. Buildings such as the Tesla Laboratory
may yet be found in the Soho section of Marthaltan. Each is large in
size, amply supplied with several floors of immense gallery halls and upper
floor studios. He was thus afforded the space to perform several critical experiments
in broadcast electrical power techniques. Tesla first conducted elaborate
and extensive investigations in order to comprehend the exact nature of
this new electrical effect. Tesla realized that this strange “shocking field” actually
radiated through space from the impulse apparatus. If this was electrostatic
energy, it was more intense and more penetrating than any electrostatic
field he had ever observed. If this was merely a “stuttered” electrostatic field,
why then was its strength so very intensified? Tesla began to believe that he
had discovered a new electrical force, not simply a treatment of an existing
force. It is for this reason that he often described the effect as “electrodynamic”
or “more electrostatic”.
By properly adjusting the inherent circuit parameters, Tesla learned how to
produce an extremely rapid series of unidirectional impulses on demand. When
the impulses were short, abrupt, and precise in their successions, Tesla found
that the shocking effect could permeate very large volumes of space with apparently
no loss of intensity. He also found that the shocking effect penetrated
sizable metal shields and most insulators with ease. Developing a means for
controlling the number of impulses per second, as well as the intermittent time
intervals between each successive impulse, he began discovering a new realm
of effects. Each impulse duration gave its own peculiar effects. Able to feel the
stinging shocks, though shielded at a distance of nearly fifty feet from his apparatus,
Tesla recognized at once that a new potential for electrical power transmission
had been revealed to him. Tesla was first to understand that electrical
shock waves represented a new means for transforming the world.
Even as his Polyphase had done, Tesla fully intended to disclose his discoveries
to the world at large. Radiant electricity had special characteristics of
which the scientific world had no knowledge. If released with sufficient power,
radiant electrical broadcasts could kill. His initial experiments were sufficiently
potent enough to cause severe and painful stings. Here was a lethal system
requiring control and development What was intended to be a great benefit
to humanity could be misconstrued as the greatest detriment. Working with a
simple but powerful embodiment of his original apparatus, Tesla found that
radiant electricity could induce powerful electrical effects at a distance. These
effects were not alternations, not alternating waves. They were longitudinal
waves, composed of successive shocking waves. The advance of each shocking
wave, followed by short neutral zones together comprised the radiant field.
Vectorial components of these shockwave successions were always unidirectional.
The stuttering shockwaves were capable of forcing charges in the direction
of their propagation.
Objects placed near this device became powerfully electrified, retaining a
Singular charge sign for many minutes after the magnetic discharger had been
deactivated. Tesla found it possible to amplify these Single charge effects by a
Simple asymmetrical alignment of the magnetic discharger. By placing the magnetic
discharger closer to one or the other side of the charging dynamo, either
force positive or force negative vectors could be selected and projected, Thus,
charge could be projected into or drawn from any object in the field space.
Introducing objects into the radiant space gave spectacular effects, becoming
surrounded by crowns of white sparks. Objects charged by this apparatus evidenced
a powerful and permeating charge action like no other seen before.
This was a new electrical force. Tesla realized more than ever that he was in
unknown territory. The fact that these radiant forces travelled as light-like rays
distinguished them from the electromagnetic waves of Maxwell. The waves
were weak, but these rays were strong. Uncommonly strong
Directional effects could obtained by shaping the wire lines which radiated
the shocking waves. The condition which best radiated evenly in all directions
required that each line be semi-circular, the entire apparatus being circularly
disposed. How far did this field extend, and what was the effect of distance on
the intensity of the radiant field? Tesla found it impossible to measure a diminution
in radiant force at several hundred yards. In comparison, he recalled
that Hertz found it relatively easy to measure notable inverse square diminutions
within the confines of his laboratory in Bonn. Tesla suspected that these
effects were coherent, not subject to inverse laws other than those due to ray
divergence. If he wished to broadcast power to a neighborhood, it would be
critical that all radiant energy be focussed in receivable directions.
Also, Tesla wished to determine the effect of gradually decreased impulse
durations required greatest skill and precaution. Tesla knew that he would be
exposing himself to mortal danger. Controlling the rapidity of current blowout
in the magnetic DC are, Tesla released a new spectrum of light-like energies
throughout his large gallery space. These energetic species were like no other
which the world has since seen. Tesla found that impulse duration alone defined
the effect of each succinct spectrum. These effects were completely distinctive,
endowed with strange additional qualities never purely experienced
in Nature. Moreover, Tesla observed distinct color changes in the discharge
space when each impulse range had been reached or crossed. Never before
seen discharge colorations did not remain a mystery for long. Trains of impulses,
each exceeding 0.1 millisecond duration, produced pain and mechanical
pressures. In this radiant field, objects visibly vibrated and even moved as
the force field drove them along. Thin wires, exposed to sudden bursts of the
radiant field, exploded into vapor. Pain and physical movements ceased when
impulses of 100 microseconds or less were produced. These latter features
suggested weapon systems of frightful potentials.
With impulses of 1.0 microsecond duration, strong physiological heat was
sensed. Further decreases in impulse brought spontaneous illuminations capable
of filling rooms and vacuum globes with white light. At these impulse
frequencies, Tesla was able to stimulate the appearance of effects which are
normally admixed among the electromagnetic energies inherent in sunlight.
Shorter impulses produced cool room penetrating breezes, with an accompanying
uplift in mood and awareness. There were no limits in this progression
toward impulses of diminished duration. None of these impulse energies could
be duplicated through the use of high frequency harmonic alternations, those
which Sir Oliver Lodge popularized, and which later was embodied in Marconi
Wave Radio. Few could reproduce these effects because so few understood
the absolute necessity of observing those parameters set by Tesla. These facts
have been elucidated by Eric Dollard, who also successfully obtained the strange
and distinct effects claimed by Tesla.
By 1890, after a period of intense experimentation and design development,
Tesla summarized the components necessary for the practical deployment
of a radiant electrical power distribution system. Tesla had already discovered
the wonderful fact that impulse durations of 100 microseconds or less
could not be sensed and would do no physiological harm. He planned to use
these in his power broadcast. Furthermore, shocking waves of 100 microsecond
duration passed through all matter, a fitting form of electrical energy to
broadcast throughout the stone, steel, and glass of a power-needy city. Tesla
would not expect distortions with specially adjusted energy fields, vectors which
permeated matter without interactive effects.
Tesla made a most startling discovery the same year, when placing a long
Single-turn copper helix near his magnetic disrupter. The coil, some two feet in
length, did not behave as did solid copper pipes and other objects. The thin-
walled coil became ensheathed in an envelope of white sparks, Undulating
from the crown of this coil were very long and fluidic silvery white streamers,
soft discharges which appeared to have been considerably raised in voltage,
These effects were greatly intensified when the helical coil was placed within
the clisrupterwire circle, Inside this “shockzone”, the helical coil was surrounded
in a blast which hugged into its surface, and rode up the coil to its open end, It
seemed as though the shockwave actually pulled away from surrounding space
to cling to the coil surface, a strange attractive preference. The shockwave
flowed over the coil at right angles to the windings, an unbelievable effect. The
sheer length of discharges leaping from the helix crown was incomprehensible,
With the disrupter discharge jumping I inch in its magnetic housing, the
white llimmering discharges rose from the helix to a measured length of over
two feet. This discharge equalled the very length of the coil itself1 It was an
unexpected and unheard transformation.
Here was an action more nearly “electrostatic” in nature, although he knew
that academes would not comprehend this term when used in this situation,
Electrostatic energy did not fluctuate as did his shockwaves. The explosive
shockwave had characteristics unlike any other electrical machine in existence,
Yet Tesla stated that the shockwave, during the brief instant in which it
made its explosive appearance, more nearly resembled an electrostatic field
than any other known electrical manifestation, Just as in electrostatic friction
machines, where current and magnetism are negligible, a very energetic field
component fills space in radiating lines, This “dielectric” field normally launches
through space in a slow growth as charges are gathered. Here was a case
where a DC generator provided the high voltage. This voltage charged an
insulated hoop of copper, growing to its maximum value. If all values in the
circuit were properly balanced, in the manner prescribed by Tesla, a sudden
charge collapse would then occur, This collapse was necessarily very much
shorter than the interval required to charge the hoop, The collapse comes
when the magnetic disrupter extinguishes the are, If the circuit is properly
structured, no backrush alternations ever occur.
This unidirectional succession of charge-d.ischarge impulses causes a very
strange field to expand outward, one which vaguely resembles a “stuttering”
or “staccato” electrostatic field, But these terms did not satisfactorily describe
the conditions actually measured around the apparatus, a powerful radiant
effect exceeding all expectable electrostatic values, Actual calculation of these
discharge ratios proved impossible, Implementing the standard magneto-inductive
transformer rule, Tesla was unable to account for the enormous voltage
multiplication effect. Conventional relationships failing, Tesla hypothesized
that the effect was due entirely to radiant transformation rules, obviously requiring
empirical determination, Subsequent measurements of discharge lengths
and helix attributes provided the necessary new mathematical relationship.
He had discovered a new induction law, one where radiant shockwaves
actually auto-intensified when encountering segmented objects. The segmentation
was the key to releasing the action. Radiant shockwaves encountered an
helix and “flashed over” the outer skin, from end to end. This shockwave did
not pass through the windings of the coil at all, treating the coil surface as an
aerodynamic plane. The shockwave pulse auto-intensified exactly as gas pressures
continually increase when passing through Venturi tuhes. A consistent
increase in electrical pressure was measured along the coil surface. Indeed,
Tesla stated that voltages could often be increased at an amazing 10,000 volts
per inch of axial coil surface. This meant that a 24 inch coil could absorb
radiant shockwaves which initially measured 10,000 volts, with a subsequent
maximum rise to 240,000 volts! Such transformations of voltage were unheard
with apparatus of this volume and simplicity. Tesla further discovered that the
output voltages were mathematically related to the resistance of turns in the
helix. Higher resistance meant higher voltage maxima.
He began referring to his disrupter line as his special “primary”, and to the
helical coil placed within the shockzone, as his special “secondary”. But he
never intended anyone to equate these terms with those referring to magnetoelectric
transformers. This discovery was indeed completely different from
magneto-induction. There was a real and measurable reason why he could
make this outlandish statement There was an attribute which completely baffled
Tesla for a time. Tesla measured a zero current condition in these long copper
secondary coils. He determined that the current which should have appeared
was completely absent. Pure voltage was rising with each inch of coil surface.
Tesla constantly referred to his “electrostatic induction laws”, a principle which
few comprehended. Tesla called the combined disrupter and secondary helix
Tesla Transformers are not magnetoelectric devices, they use radiant
shockwaves, and produce pure voltage without current. No university High
Frequency Coil must ever be called a “Tesla Coil”, since the devices usually
employed in demonstration halls are the direct result of apparatus perfected
by Sir Oliver Lodge and not by Nikola Tesla. The Tesla Transformer is an
impulse apparatus, and cannot be as easily constructed except by strict conformity
with parameters which Tesla enunciated. Tesla Transformers produce
extraordinary white impulse discharges of extreme length and pressure, which
exceed the alternating violet spark displays of Lodge Coils. This is illustrated
by noting the manner in which Tesla Transformers are actually constructed.
While looking and seeming the same, each system actually performs very different
functions. Lodge Coils are alternators. Tesla Transformers are unidirectional
The most efficient Tesla Transformations were obtained only when the disruptive
radiating wire line equalled the mass of the helical coil. The empirical
determination proved that a mysterious and Simple mass-to-mass correspondence
necessarily existed between the disrupter apparatus and the secondary
coil. Tesla learned that a simple balance beam could be used to best design his
Transformers. Metal line or thick metal strapping would be cut and placed on
one side of the balance. Thin copper wire would be unwound from a spool
and hung on the other balance beam end. When the balance was even, when
the masses were identical, Tesla cut the thin wire. Transformers made in this
mass-to-mass ratio consistently provided the most powerful transformations.
Each Transformer conducted a specific impulse duration with special force.
Therefore each had to be “tuned” by adjusting the disrupter to that specific
impulse duration. Adjustments of arc distance provided this control factor.
Once each transformer was tuned to its own special response rate, impulses
could flow smoothly through the system like gas flowing in a pipe.
Finding that gas-dynarnic analogies and applications indeed provided him
with a consistent record of successful assessments in these regards, Tesla began
considering whether or not the white flame discharges, so different from
anything he had ever seen, might not be a gaseous manifestation of electrostatic
force. There were certainly abundant experimental instances in which a
purely gaseous nature, so unlike anything electrical, was being clearly made
manifest. The manner in which the radiant shockwave travelled over the wire
cailings in white flimmering laminar streams, brought a new revolution in
thought. Voltage pulses traversed the secondary surface like a gas pulse under
increasing constriction, Until reaching the free end of the coil, these gaseous
pulses flowed over the copper surface rather than through it. Tesla referred to
this specific manifestation as the “skin effect”. In this the discharge greatly
resembled the manner of gases in motion over surfaces.
Furthermore, whenever a metal point was connected to the upper terminal
of one of his Transformers, the stream became more directive. It behaved just
like a stream of water in a pipe. When the white flimmering stream was directed
at distant metal plates, it produced electronic charges. This charge production
could be measured as amperage, “current”, at the reception site. In
transit however, no such amperage existed. Amperage appeared only when
intercepted. Eric Dollard has stated that the space surrounding Tesla Impulse
Transformers so surges with these streams that the “interception current” can
reach several hundred or even thousands of amperes. But of what was this
mysterious stream composed? Tesla struggled with the doubt that these discharge
phenomena might be ordinary electricity behaving in extraordinary
ways. But did electricity indeed have a smooth, soft, and fllmmertng nature?
The electricity with which he was familiar was shocking, hot, burning, deadiy,
piercing, stinging, alI the attributes of an irritant. But this discharge phenomenon
was, whether cool or warm to the touch, soft and gentle. It would not kill.
Even the manner in which the pulse exploded as bright white discharges of
greatly transformed voltage, suggested the way in which gases behave when
released from their confinements under pressure. These reflective meditations
convinced Tesla that this effect was not purely electrical in nature. Closely
examining the white flames, Tesla realized why there was no measurable “electrical
current” at the crown of these activated coils. The normal heavy charge
carriers, electrons, could not travel as quickly as the radiant pulse itself. Choked
in the metallic lattice of the coil, electrons became immobile. No electron
current moved through the coil at all. The radiant pulse which moved over the
coil surface, was therefore not electronic in nature.
Additionally, Tesla discovered an amazing phenomenon which removed
all doubt concerning the true nature of energetic carriers at work in his apparatus.
Tesla arranged a very heavy a U-shaped copper bus-bar, connecting
both legs directly to his disrupter primary. Across the legs of this U-shaped busbar
were placed several incandescent lamps. The arrangement was a very
evident short circuit. The lamps were illuminated to a brilliant cold white light,
while being shorted by a heavy copper shunt. Uncharacteristic of particulate
current electricity, the bright but cold lamps revealed that another energetic
current was indeed flowing through the “short-circuits”.
Those who observed this experiment did not expected it to perform any
function save the incineration of the disrupter circuit and possibly of the
dynamo itself. Instead of this, witnesses beheld a marvel. The lamps lit to an
uncommon brightness. In this Simple demonstration, Tesla was illustrating
but one of his many evidences. Electronic charges would prefer the least
resistant circuit, rejecting the incandescent bulbs for the copper path. The
current in this situation chose to conform with a contradictory principle.
Perhaps this was true because the currents were not electrical. Tesla repeatedly
used this demonstration to evidence the “fractionation” of currents
electronic, from currents neutral.
A Single question remained, the answer to which would provide him with
the essential information needed to create a new technology. What so separated
or “fractioned” the diverse mobile carriers in his Transformer? It was the
geometric configuration of the coil which inadvertently separated each component.
Electrons were blocked from flowing through the wire length, while
the radiant pulse was released over the coil surface as a gaseous pulse. Electrons
should have drifted through the wire but, during each impulse period,
were blocked by the line resistance. Thus, the gaseous mobile carriers were
released to flow outside the wire, a pulse which travelled along the outer coil
surface from end to end.
Here then was evidence that electrical discharges were indeed composed of
several simultaneous mobile species. Tesla now comprehended why his first
high frequency alternating currents never evidenced these powerful actions. It
was the abruptness, the violence of the impulsive discharge, which gave free
mobility to this unsuspected “gaseous” component Impulses, unidirectional
impulses, were the only means by which these potentials could be unlocked.
Alternations were absolutely useless in this regard. Moreover, because alternations
could not unleash the second gas-dynamic component, it remained an
unusable and pitifully weak means. Tesla forever viewed his high frequency
alternating devices as failed projects. This has great bearing on his highly critical
views of Marconi and all the others like him who pursued high frequency
alternating wave radio. Tesla began to study a topic which has found more
enemies and critics than any this century. Tesla, with greatest interest now,
began researching “the eether”.
Victorian Science came to believe that space, all of space, was absolutely
permeated with an ultrafine gas which they termed “eether”, It was in this
gaseous atmosphere that light was said to be transmitted through space. In
fact, space was not viewed as a pure vacuum, eether filled that vacuum. Some
Victorians stated that the eether could, at times, be visibly seen. The golden
haze which often fills spaces within buildings were said to be manifestations of
eether gas. These displays could be seen in conditions of minimal humidity
and in the absence of aerial dust. Others mentioned the colorations often seen
with the eyes opened, in a dark room or against a ganzfeld, as evidence of
retheric luminations (Reichenbach). In order to satisfy all of the physical dynamics
which eventually became attached to the concept, eether gas acquired
several mutually contradictory attributes.
Lodge stated that eether gas necessarily existed in a density comparable to
that of steel, yet behaved as a fluid. ,Ether gas was also capable of passing
through most substances, a permeating substance having no terrestrial equal.
When an experiment designed to measure “eether drift” with light beam interferometry
failed, most repudiated the existence of this gaseous space filling
atmosphere altogether. Just before this moment in science history however, a
wonderful theoretical abstract was published explaining the reality of the eether
in chemical terms. If not for the author and his credibility, few would appreciate
the import of his assertions.
A comprehensive analysis of these contradictory attributes was engaged by
Professor Dmitri Mendeleev, “father” of the Periodic Table. Just before the
turn of the Century, Dr. Mendeleev produced a wonderful theoretical view
which elegantly satisfied each of the reigning contradictions of his day. His
work was published years later in a small booklet entitled” A Chemical Conception
of The Ether” (1904). Herein, he treated the rether gas as an interstellar
atmosphere composed of at least two lighter-than-hydrogen elements. These
were produced by violent bombardments in stars, the sun being the most
prolific neighboring source. According to Dr. Mendeleev, eether gas was an
atmosphere probably composed of several different elemental species. He anticipated
that the two gases would be found. Although these pre-hydrogen
elements remained yet unknown, Mendeleev placed them in his Periodic Table
just as he did when composing the Table in 1869.
These gases were placed in a special “zero group” preceding the Noble
gases. The inertness of these eether gases explained their elusive “non-reactive”
character. The nearly massless state of these different eethenc gases explained
their ability both to permeate all matter without chemically interacting with it,
and the high apparent density of eether. The lightest and first eether gas was
assigned a theoretical atomic weight one hundred millionth that of hydrogen.
The kinetic velocity of this first gas was calculated at 2.5 million meters per
second. Such a highly mobile and vanishing eetheric mass could be rarefied
and yet “appear” extremely dense. Dr. Mendeleev fully anticipated that these
gaseous elements would someday be found through extraordinary apparatus.
Others felt that, in this physical analysis, Dr. Mendeleev had not glimpsed the
real eether at all. Many Victorian claimed that eether was extremely dense, like
a flood of matter which could be felt as a pressure and seen as a multicolored
radiance. Tesla ascribed to both of these views.
Tesla applied these principles in explaining the actions so visibly at work in
his newest apparatus. Macroscopically, radiant shockwaves behaved as a gaseous
impulse having electrical characteristics. This was no ordinary gas however.
This “gaseous” component was not atmospheric in the ordinary sense. It
was not the result of adsorbed gases on the copper coil surface. This gas pulse
travelled over the coil surfaces with super-luminal velocity. Mr. Dollard utilized
line interferometry to measure and compare both components in a real
Tesla Impulse Transformer, and has proven the vast velocity dilIerences between
both. Moreover, the mysterious surface-riding component was found to
travel at a super-luminal velocity. Those experimental measurement successfully
vindicated the claim of Tesla in this regards in 1985. When referring to
these discharges and their strange attributes and effects, Tesla always used gasdynarnic
terms and gas-dynamic analogues. Throughout his use of such terminology,
Tesla was inferring that something unlike normal electricity was flowing
through short electrical impulses. That something was indeed behaving
like a gas. The gas-dynamic components which rode the outer coil surface
required aerodynamically smooth surfaces.
Tesla came to believe that dielectric fields were actually composed of eether
streams. Theoretically then, one could derive limitless energy by trapping and
conducting a naturally occurring dielectric field line. The problem was that no
ordinarily accessible material could resist the eether enough to derive any momentum
from it With a stream so rare as to pass through all known materials,
the kinetic energy inherent in dielectric field lines would remain an elusive
energy source. Tesla believed he may have found the secret to tapping this
energy, but it would not require an ordinary kind of matter. Tesla viewed
voltage as streams of eether under various states of pressure. Raising these
stresses could produce enormous rether streams, where the observed voltages
would then be extremely high and luminous. This was the very condition
which Tesla had come to believe had been established in his Transformers.
In fact, Tesla repeatedly stated that his Transformers effected powerful
movements in the eether. In one truly mystifying experiment indicative of these
comprehension, Tesla describes the production of very rapid impulse trains
with a subsequent production of “cool misty white streamers extending a yard
into space”. These were cool to the touch, and harmless. If electrical in nature,
they would necessarily have been several million volts in potentials. Their
harmlessness is coupled with their sinuous nature, one completely unlike electrical
currents. Michael Theroux successfully duplicated Teslian experiments
with an apparatus whose secondary was no more than 2 feet in length, with a
width of 1 fool. When charged with a powerful electrostatic disruptive device
of his own design and construction, Mr. Theroux succeeded in producing
fluidic white streamers, sometimes exceeding 12 feet in length! These streamers
continually grew in size, reaching the far wall of a cellar laboratory. Sinuous
in their twisting manner, he reports that the ends of these branched with
lobate ends, an unlikely characteristic for ordinary electricity. Contrasted against
the discharges produced by Wimhurst Machines and other Electrostatic devices
alone, these white and highly vibrant displays lacked the blue and stark
jaggedness commonly associated with sparks termed “electric”. In the light of
experimental achievements such as these, and their attendant phenomena, we
are required to review our theoretical base and reassess our most fundamental
Indeed, to understand Tesla Technology one must eliminate the notion
that electrons are the “working fluid” in his radiant energy designs. With the
lower coil end connected directly to the dynamo, high voltage eether streamers
were projected from the upper terminal. When describing each of his relevant
patents in this new technology, Tesla forever spoke of “light-like rays” and “the
natural medium”. The first term refers to the tightly constricted eether streams
which are propelled from his Transformers along infmitesimal ray lines, and
the latter refers to the all-pervading eether atmosphere in which his technology
Tesla now understood why the coloration of discharges varied so with various
impulse durations. Each gas of the eetheric atmosphere was being stimulated
to luminescence. Tesla repeatedly produced discharge colorations which
had no equivalent in the common gas spectra prevalent in the terrestrial atmosphere.
Colors of blood-red, and sky blue, of peach, and white were each
described in detail by Nikola Tesla. Although sharing certain characteristics
with electricity, eetheric energy was a totally different expression. £theric energy
held a potential which more nearly matched the expectations of those
who dream and wish, a mystery realm. Tesla perceived this kinship between
thought and eetheric energy with keenest intrigue, already planning the several
necessary investigations before approaching this potential psychotronic technology.
He often exposed himself to the very shortest of eether impulse radiance, discovering the mind-elevating effects grew with lime. Etheric energy demonstrated growth characteristics which Tesla noted with amazement.
It is impossible to comprehend Teslian Technology apart from the controversial
topic concerning the eether, Many analysts will reject the concept without
first seeking out and discovering the proofs which have been established
by experimenters such as Eric Dollard. Nevertheless, the overwhelming evidence
proves that Tesla had indeed been first to identify the gases which Dr.
Mendeleev had so long predicted. Tesla addressed the notion that eether streams
were being pulled through his Transformers, drawn in at higher natural pressure,
and accelerated in the sharp electrical discharge. As electrical systems,
Tesla apparatus cannot completely be understood or explained. One must
view Teslian Technology as an eether gas technology, one capable of being
explained only through gas-dynamic analogues.
It was now easy to understand how such projected rays, eether gas streams
under high pressure, could penetrate metals and insulators alike. These powerful
rays often could penetrate certain materials with inexplicable efficiency.
Electricity did not perform these wonders. Tesla also now understood why
these discharge streams produced their smoothly hissing sounds, visibly appearing
like gas jets under high pressure. LEther gas under pressure. But what
of the other characteristics of this gaseous component? Here was a new world
of forces and dynamiCSvaguely glimpsed by researchers such as LUigiGalvani
who, in order to release the more vitalizing components observed in metals
which were aerially disposed or grounded, persistently sought the elimination
of electronic charge. Tesla was completely mystified. He had successfully released
the mystery current, normally suppressed and bound in electronic charge
carriers. Unidirectional impulsive discharges of high voltage and abrupt durations
released them. What other potentials would eether gas technology release?
The original cylindrical coils were quickly replaced with cone shaped coils.
With these bizarre geometries, Tesla was able to focus the gas-dynamic component,
which now rose up like a jet of hissing white light from the coil tip.
Tesla recognized that these discharges, while spectacular and awe inspiring,
actually represented lost power. A power broadcast station had to evenly disperse
the energetic radiance in all directions. Flame-like discharges caused the
available power to undulate in space. This would produce unpredictable power
drops at great distances. Consumers would not receive a reliable and consistent
stream of energy. If his Power Transformer was to operate with highest
broadcast efficiency, these flame-like discharges necessarily had to be suppressed.
But suppressing these excessive eether jets proved problematic.
Tesla found that the white tlimmering streams were absorbed in large capacity
volumes, masses in which the streams were absorbed, filtered, and expelled.
The use of copper spheres atop his Transformers forced the streams
sufficiently apart to suppress the white flame. Power was now evenly dispersed
throughout space as required. But a new problem appeared. The copper
spheres, being impacted by the high voltage streams which they were forced to
now conduct, expelled electronic components. These appeared along with the
radiance, producing truly dangerous conditions. The problem was stimulated
by conduction, a case where the spherical copper ball was impacted throughout
its volume. The white flimmering streams permeated the copper and expelled
electrons. These contaminants concentrated their escape from the system
as harmful, blue stinging dartlets. By comparison, the white flame-like
discharge was a smooth and harmless glow.
Comparing the two species, Tesla recognized the difference in charge carriers.
Tesla was once nearly killed when one such dartlet jumped three feet
through the air and struck him directly over the heart. The copper spheres had
to be removed and replaced by another dispersion component. Metals were
apparently of no utility in this case, being natural reservoirs of electrons. Tesla
eventually suggested that metals manufactured electrons when impacted with
these special flame-white currents, the carriers in the white flames becoming
concentrated within the metallic lattice. This concept was later developed into
an amazing theory by Tesla, one which thorougbly explains natural radioactivity
as the result of impact.
While developing new lamps for his power system, Tesla discovered that
gas-filled globes could provide more efficient suppression capacity for flaring
eether streams, and promptly directed that his transformers be surmounted
with such globes. The absence of metal mass eliminated the possibility that
eether impulses could impact the metal lattice and expel electronic charges.
These gas-globe terminals dispersed only the pure eetheric stream, a perfect
solution for his original dilemma. Tesla now found himself in possession of
components necessary to establishing his Power Broadcast System on a commercial
He had already observed how the very air near these Transformers could
be rendered strangely self-luminous. This was a light like no high frequency
coil ever could produce, a corona of white brilliance which expanded to ever
enlarging diameters. The light from Tesla Transformers continually expands.
Tesla described the growing column of light which surrounds any elevated
line which has been connected to his Transformers. Unlike common high
frequency alternations, Tesla radiant energy effects grow with time. Tesla recognized
the reason for this temporal growth process. There were no reversals
in the source discharges. therefore the radiant energy would never remove the
work performed on any space or material so exposed. N; with the unidirectional
impulse discharges, the radiant electric effects were additive and accumulative. In this respect, Tesla observed energy magnifications which seemed totally anomalous to ordinary engineering convention.
It was easy to control the brilliance of a room by controlling the voltage in
his transformers. The light from this sort of illumination was curiously bright to
human perception, but nearly impossible to photograph on film. Tesla found
it necessary to make long time exposures of his discharges before the faintest
sort of streamers could be made visible. This strange inability to register photographically
was contrasted against the brilliance perceived in the eyes, one
which required delicate control. Tesla also designed, built, and utilized large
globe lamps which required only a Single external plate for receiving the radiant
energies. However distantly placed from the radiant source, these lamps
became brilliantly illuminated. Theirs was a brilliance approaching that of an
arc lamp, and exceeding any of the conventional Edison filament lamps by
several factors. It was also easy for Tesla to control the heat of any space. By
controlling both the voltage and impulse duration of energy in his Transformers,
Tesla could heat up a room. Cool breezes could also be arranged by
appropriately setting the impulse duration.
Tesla was amazed by the fact that mass ratios governed the efficient operation
of his eether Transformers. The wonderful fact that mass ratios provided
the most efficient transaction of broadcast energy was the mystifying reminder
that these energies were not electrical. No electrical law existed in just such a
bizarre format, not even when describing inductions between high frequency
alternators. The original gas-clynamic implication inherent in this strange ratio
requirement was confirmed. Now Tesla designed receiving apparatus for his
future consumers. The mass of home receiving coils had to match the equivalent
mass of the central transmitting coils of the broadcast center. Tesla matched
coils and capacitors to produce this equivalent mass ratio, satisfying the natural
requirements of the eetheric radiance. An elevated ball-like terminal would
receive the broadcast energy, conveying it down into a central home-distribution
apparatus. Here, the eethenc energy would be rebroadcast throughout the
household without wires. Appliances could Simply be moved to where they
were needed, and turned on. Nothing could be more simple.
While Tesla’s models were made with technological objectives in mind, he
was not without an appreciation of fine art and the beauty of artistic elegance.
In certain respects, Tesla’s tastes were extravagant, a luxury which he could
certainly yet afford. He was certain that each component of his system would
be redesigned by artists and made more appealing for the consumer. The
“look” of these appliances carried with them an aire of the future. In fact,
Tesla invented an astounding collection of futuristic-looking appliances. Motors
now appeared in an amazing variety, requiring no wire connections, save
the small metal plates held on opposite ends of the motor housing, Placed in
any position, the motors powerfully spun when the radiant field was on. Here
was motive energy for home and industry alike.
Tesla performed outdoor experimental tests of broadcast power in the northernmost
reaches of Manhattan by night. Sending metallized balloons aloft, he
raised conductive lines. These were connected to the terminals of his Transformers,
and activated. When properly adjusted, the white luminous columns
began covering the vertical aerial line and expanded by the second. Enveloping
Tesla, his assistants, and the surrounding trees, this strange white luminosity
moved out into the countryside to an enormous volume of space. Tesla
described this phenomenon in several of his power transmission patents, the
obvious artifact of a non-electrical energy. His Transformer was now behaving
as Originallyvisualized. Now it was a true Transmitter, a Transmitter of retheric
energy. Appliances were disposed at various distances from this temporary
central broadcast station on the meadows, absorbing energy from the retheric
radiance and performing to full efficiency. Lamps brilliant, motors humming,
heaters radiating. The small radiant system worked with a rare power.
More highly energetic, exceeding the mobility of ionic charges, and overpowering
any field inductions by several thousand orders, only retheric energy
could have accomplished this feat. Tesla had all of the components now. Broadcast
power, once a visionary dream, had become a working system. There
appeared to be no limit to the potential of this technological marvel. Tesla
discovered a fact which later developed into a later regime of thought. He
found to his amazement that Single connections from impulse transmitter to
ground produced greatly intensified responses in his distant appliances. This
principle was applied to the appliances as well, resulting in an unprecedented
increase in their overall performance. The Singleground connection suddenly
produced new and anomalous efficiencies in the system, an extraordinary excess
of energy which his impulse transmitter was providing. Tesla was familiar
with the natural growth process of retheric streams, but why would ground
connections so magnify the brilliance of lamps and the output of motors in this
This observation stimulated perplexing thoughts. How was retheric energy,
a supposed aerial dynamic, tunneling through the ground? Why were the
magnification effects noticed when his appliances were ground connected?
What self-magnifying capabilities were possibly stimulated when operating in
conjunction with the ground connection? Was the earth itself a vast reservoir
of eether gas? Furthermore, in what condition was this gas. was it under pres·
sure? The phenomenon stimulated a revolution in his mind. For in this, Tesla
perceived an unexpected power source.
The key to producing all eethenc action was to secure a means for actually
effecting retheric deviations, the very thing now possessed by Tesla alone. Sir
Oliver Lodge stated that the only means for “getting at the eether” was “an
electrical means”, but not one member of the Royal Society had been able to
achieve this feat with the rare exception of Sir William Crookes. The Tesla
method used eether to modify eether! The secret was separating the contaminants
from the eether current at the very source of generation, a feat which he
had achieved in his Transformers. But how? How, with the apparatus made
available to him through his creative abilities, did he achieve what military
groups today cannot?
Tesla used the violence of magnetically disrupted arc discharges to chaoticize
electronic and eetheric carriers in metal conductors. Breaktog the agglomerations
which bind them together, each component was free to separate. This
condition could not be achieved in arc discharges where currents were allowed
to alternate. In such apparatus, the electronic carriers overwhelmed the
release of eether and, while eether was present in the discharge, could never be
separated from the composite current. This is the fundamental reason why
experimenters in England could never reproduce these effects, finally coneluding
that Tesla was “paraphrasing physical reality”. Typically understated,
the prevailing attitude toward Tesla found its real source in an inability among
researchers to truly comprehend the elegance of what had been discovered.
Thus, although shown these things in repeated demonstrations by Tesla himself,
the inability which prevailed among these highly esteemed personages
revealed the real source of error.
The Tesla method began with the “disruptive discharge”. This disruptive
discharge was more like an explosive charge, a blast whose effects lasted for a
controllable time increment. Successions of these blasts were possible only
when sufficient disruption was maintained. The Tesla magnetic arc disrupter
was the chief tool of this process, a heavy duty discharge device which yet
finds its use in military power applications. This gap could be adjusted, and
was held apart at a distance of several inches. The large polished spheres were
often made of steel. Other models featured heavy curved horns, often bimetallic.
With one made of carbon and the other of copper, the bimetallic combination
maintained a rectified condition in the applied current. This effectively
blocked any possible backrush possibly induced by the capacitor discharge.
Tesla Originally used atmospheric pressure to resist the instantaneous formation
of arcs across the heavy gap space of this component. He later experimented
with various high pressures and different gases. Each experiment provided
new and unexpected disruption effects.
Victorian researchers such as Sir John Rayleigh discovered the truly strange
behavior of nitrogen gas when electrified. Tubes filled with nitrogen retained
their electrified state for a long time after the current source had been removed.
Glowing with a strange peach colored light, many wondered whether
this might not be a natural “,theric process in action. Tesla investigated nitrogen
gas as an atmosphere for his disrupter because it seemed to contain an essential secret. Perhaps it would release a more uncontaminated aetheric current
for his primaries. The extraordinary efficiency of the magnetic arc disrupter
in developing eetheric currents derived from several principles. Tesla
saw that electrical current was really a complex combination of eether and
electrons. When electricity was applied to the disrupter a primary fractioning
process took place. Electrons were forcibly expelled from the gap by the strong
magnetic influence. The eether streams, neutral in charge, remained flowing
through the circuit however. The magnetic disrupter was his primary means
for fractionaling the electrons from the eether particles.
In his later developments, Tesla described arc radiopower devices which
employed pure nitrogen plasmas. Electrified with the power of a high voltage
DC generator, these magnetic ducted devices fired explosive blasts of nitrogen
plasma To this day, no vacuum tube radiogenerator can ever approach the
pure power obtained through such high powered nitrogen arc disrupters. Applying
this kind of “blast” to circuitry produced a host of unexpected effects.
When the blast was applied to thick copper strapping, stray electrons were
apparently thrust out of the current flow. These plasma blasts often leaped up
to a height of twenty feet, a violent and totally unexpected response. In some
cases this disrupter produced bluewhite lightning like discharges, an action
which proved the expulsion of electronic currents from the primary circuit
(Lehr). Yet, within the gap could be seen a dense stream of whitefire; a stream
of purified eether gas.
There was a reason why nitrogen worked best in this capacity. It was an
electron “absorber”. Electronic charge was best absorbed and carried out of
the current when nitrogen gas was employed. Magnetic thrusting drove the
electronic charge away, the cause of bluish lightning-like bolts, Copper produced
far too much electronic charge, the discharges difficult to restrain. There
had to be a material which would pass eether without adding electrons through
bombardment. Tesla found that the use of carbon was well-suited to this purpose.
Carbon proved to have the greatest effect in maintatning a purified eether
state in the “cleansed” streams. Tesla replaced all the copper with carbon,
finding that the unmanageable lightning bolts were substantially reduced in
size. This potent device ulilized two large ball-shaped carbon electrodes which
were highly polished (Lehr).
Magnetically cleansed of their accompanying electron populations, TesJa
began to discover the phenomena accompanying eetheric currents. Here was
renewed evidence that electrical current was indeed a complex mixture of
particles. Once a well expressed and well endorsed theory, the notion of current
as a complex combination of streaming particles, was not limited to electrons.
In fact, no one knew exactly what electrical carriers were. In this lack of
definition, many anomalous such discoveries ensued; a study absolutely required
for those who would claim to be qualitative researchers.
Furthermore, this view explained all “action at a distance”. The “tension” in
space between electrostatically charged objects was viewed as a literal streaming
flow of eether particles from positive to negative. The static charges themselves
were thought to be “constrictions” through which space flowing eether
could be automatically directed. Electrostatic charge was equated with eether
pressures. Electrostatic fields were viewed as rectified streams of eether. The
“dielectric field”, the “dielectricity” of which so many now speak, was once
held to be a streaming of eether particles among charged bodies. But no one
knew how to release that eether stream from the adhesive electron sheaths in
which eether remained naturally imprisoned. LUigiGalvani had intimated the
“atmosphere” or “aura” of metals when, in 1620, he found that large metal
plates could exert powerfully penetrating effects on the heart and respiration,
as well as induce sleep or Vitality.These effects were greatly magnified when
grounded or elevated above ground. In these early discoveries, there remained
Being that eether streams flowed do powerfully between strong electrostatic
charges, some posited the possibility of deriving energy from the flow. All
attempts however at interrupting and sufficiently resisting such directed streams
proved hopeless. £ther was very obviously able to be stopped by no natural
material! Tesla began to believe that it was only the lack of appropriate materials
and systems which prevented the pure use of this momentum stream; a
puzzle which baffled Dr. Joseph Henry and Michael Faraday. Because their
available materials, metals, were capable only of operating on the more gross
electrons, technology had been shaped and limited.
Magneto-induction was the result of limits imposed by existing technology.
Magneto-induction used electrons and not eether to effect force exchanges.
Because electrons were not ultimate particles, not the ultimate particles generated
in Nature, they could not supply an endless source of momentum. These
induction devices had to be moved to produce motion! Tesla already saw the
directions in which his technology could move. The elimination of electrons
from eether currents already provided him with uncommon activities. Uncommon
at least from the standpoint of pure “electric” or “electrical” phenomena,
here were effects which could fmd no resolution in electrical science. This was
eether physics, the foundation of an unknown and unexplored realm. Tesla
knew that the resultant technology from this realm would change the world in
more ways than even he could yet realize.
New and more powerful expressions of this rethertc streaming action were
produced in his nitrogen supplied magnetic disrupter. The abrupt high voltage
discharge applied by his dynamo managed to first expand the electron-constricted
eether streams beyond their normal cross-section. The nascent electrons
were made to pass in a burst through a magnetic field, to which they
powerfully responded. £ther is neutral. Tesla saw that electrical currents were
actually streams of eether and its surrounding “twist” of electrons. In this regards,
the chief attribute of nitrogen in the magnetic disrupter seemed to be
the absorption and removal of electrons from the stream. It was obvious that
this system effectively and forcefully separated electrons from the neutral esther
particles inherent in the dynamo-supplied current Once the eether stream had
been cleared of its too constricting electronic envelope, it could flow freely.
The current remaining in the disrupter was a purified eetheric stream. It was
this stream which was visible, flowing a bright silver-white light between the
electrodes. Thts stream continued flowing through the thick copper strap. Bursts
of eether were thus applied to any object within the copper strap, an exposure
which produced uncommon effects. Tesla sought the elimination of copper
from his transformers. Tesla designed a hollow tubular glass Transformer which
was to utilize a special gas medium in place of the copper wire. Tesla believed
that this design would produce the most purified lEtheric streams imaginable.
The elimination of copper would prevent any subsequent electronic manufacture
capable of contaminating his magnetically purified eether streams. It is in
fact probable that he did experiment with these designs.
The magnetic nitrogen gas disrupter was developed well beyond even this
stage. Until well into the 1930’s, Tesla continued to speak of the device capable
of producing intense rays. It was an open ended tube, one which surrounded
an electrified terminal with a streaming jet of “suitable fluid”. Through such
means, Tesla claimed the release of collimated rays having “transcendent intensity”.
Tesla therefore appropriated means by which electrons were eliminated
from currents, while eethenc components were accelerated and released.
Tesla was no longer working with “electricity”. Tesla worked with eether currents.
New and startling effects could be obtained when once the separation process,
the fractioning process, had been engaged. Tesla found that eether streams,
though harmless to the body, were often devastating for more metallic things.
Passage through various kinds of matter always produced new and strange
effects. To illustrate the fact that these currents were not electrical, not some
new manifestation of electronic current, Tesla often publicly performed a very
strange demonstration. He grasped the upper terminal of one of his large Transformers
with one hand, while in the other hand holding a thick metal bar.
lEther current flowed through carbonaceous and watery media without harm.
Nevertheless, Tesla dramatically proved the strange bombarding power of
these non-electronic currents as the metal in his hand either melted or exploded.
The reaction of materials was entirely due to the bombardment effect
of eether on the matter. But matter alone was not the only variable which could
effect new eetheric phenomena. Geometries also shaped the phenomena.
Highly segmented geometries fractioned electronic charge from eether by
resisting and blocking the electrons normally constrained to move through the
wire length. Blocked by the high resistant because of impulsive applications of
current, eether was free to surge over the segments fluidically. Tesla now saw
that the ability of eether to pass over segmented metallic surfaces, such as his
helical and spiral Transformers, was only a fortuitous attribute. It was accidental
that he observed this phenomenon at all. But Tesla found numerous other
attributes of this energetic stream, attributes which manifested themselves only
when eether interacted with certain materials and laboratory components. All
important to these responses of eether, among the symmetries of metals and
insulators, was the impulse duration applied in generating the stream. It was
the brevity of each impulse in the projected train which stimulated each response.
A’:theric streams could be projected in extremely parallel paths by solid
sheets of polished metal. Concave mirrors focussed the streams. Cone shaped
hoods focussed the streams. Placing gas filled spheres in copper cylinders produced
potent and directed rays. Tesla investigated the various aspects of rays
which his transmitters now projected with great interest. His radiant system
was like no other. This projective radiance bore all the characteristics of light,
yet was invisible. Tesla called these manifestations “dark rays” and “dark light”.
He found that they could be reflected when both their impulse rate was a
specific interval, and when appropriate metal surfaces were intercepted.
Tesla observed that shadowgraphs could be made by his beam projectors
when intercepted by photographic films. He accidentally discovered the effect
while using light from his beam projectors to photograph himself and several
friends. The developed image was one which revealed far more than the portrait
itself. Tesla found that “dark rays” could pass through walls, producing
images on fluorescent screens. The effects were not X-Rays, being reflected
from thick metal walls. With the Simple first such projectors, Nikola Tesla
found it possible to wirelessly illuminate lamps at great distances, push objects,
charge objects, and bum holes through objects. In short, any amount of power
could be delivered along the bearnray channels.
In this we glimpse subatomic particle streams not completely electronic in
nature. The abrupt disruption of current stimulates an energetic release, the
result of violence done to matter. Tesla found it possible to focus and beam
these rays, effects which many have sought to reproduce. But despite the repeated
failure of academes and well-intentioned experimenters to reproduce
these effects, one individual dominates the scene. In these most important
demonstrations, vindications of Teslian Technology, it must be mentioned
that Eric Dollard successfully reproduced several of these effects and made the
results available in a series of videocassettes. In these, Mr. Dollard demonstrates
the charging of capacitors by the radiant emission of impulse-supplied
vacuum lamps. This charging action occurred across a small space between
the side of these lamps and the blunt face of a high voltage capacitor. This
anomalous feat was also followed by a remarkable demonstration of massrepulsion,
and another of mass-attraction. In addition, while using gaseous
projector tubes as Tesla prescribes, Mr. Dollard demonstrated the transmission
of pulsating eether across the laboratory, with the subsequent absorption
and conversion of the same into a measurable current.
Tesla discussed the possibility of beaming energy directly into the night sky,
causing the very air to fluoresce. In such discussions, he suggested that night
illumination of the sky could be used by ocean going vessels as a feature of
safety. In connection with these topics, he stimulated much exciting thought
on the notion that energy could be obtained from the sky, once a “world
system” of beamray transmitters was established. No doubt, those whose fortunes
relied on fuel and powerlines did not appreciate these candid tafks. It
was well appreciated that Tesla could achieve the seemingly impossible things
of which he so openly spoke.
All of these empirical discoveries brought Tesla into the fascinating examination
of eether stream behavior in matter in 1891. £ther behaved in strange
ways when forced to tunnel through metals, gases, stone, glasses, jewels. In its
fundamental principles, Teslian Technology involves impact and force exchange.
In methodic succession, Tesla found which metals and organic substances
eetheric streams penetrate without resistance. He also determined which
materials offered considerable resistance to the streams, a valuable piece of
information. The fact that eether streams could be substantially deformed in
passing through certain such materials indicated the degree to which such
materials were internally arranged. When “,ther streams were compelled to
flow through given metals, usually good electrical conductors such as silver
and copper, the particulate impacts released new species. These often appeared
as darting sparks of various colorations, contaminating the pure eetheric flow.
£ther particles were extremely mobile, virtually massless when compared with
electrons, and could therefore pass through matter with very little effort. Electrons
could not “keep up” with either the velocity or the permeability of eetheric
particles. According to this view, eether particles were infinitesimals, very much
smaller than electrons themselves.
The eetheric carriers contained momentum. Their extreme velocity matched
their nearly massless nature, the product of both becoming a sizable quantity.
They moved with superluminal velocity, a result of their incompressible and
massless nature. Whenever a directed radiant matter impulse begtns from some
point in space, an incompressible movement occurs instantly through space to
all points along that path. Such movement occurs as a solid ray, an action
defying modern considerations of Signal retardations in space. Incompressible
raylines can move through any distance instantly. Should the path be 300,001
kilometers long, the impulse at the source end will each that point as quickly as
at all other points. This is superluminal velocity. Radiant matter behaved incompressibly.
In effect, this stream of radiant matter, virtually massless and
hydrodynamically incompressible, was a pure energy! Radiant Energy.
In addition to this inherent momentum, eether streams would actually interact
with matter only with the proper conductive materials were stressed with
the proper impulse intervals. This understanding provided an essential clue to
the real nature of matter and energy, a foundation which was empirically pioneered
by Tesla and theoretically developed by Dr. Gustav Le Bon. The interchange
of energy into matter and matter into energy presupposed a fundamental
“matenum”. Victorians considered the eetheric gases to be this materium.
One could theoretically pass a concentrated eether stream through any material
and produce new elements and energetic emanations. These transitions
occurred as a continuum which lacked any fixed “stations” of mass or of energy.
For Victorians, the progressive passage from matter into energy or from
energy to matter did not occur in fixed “quanta”. Tesla had the first experimental
evidence that this was indeed possible. His statements concerning material
generation and transmutation were perceived as ravings.
Opinions be damned. Superior technology affords a very few researchers
with access to deeper than conventional realities. Nature reveals levels which
form the infrastructure to things observable through available scientific means.
Deeper infrastructures require a succession of superior technologies, the gantries
of Nature being thus reveled to equipped human explorers. Regardless of
opinion, Tesla found all to numerous facts which later contradicted the emerging
science of quantum physics, Despite its promoted openness to skeptical
analysis, academic science has always demonstrated its unfortunate tendency
to universalize every theory which offers some explanation for a part of natural
phenomena. In thts we perceive an essential and knowledge-devastating flaw.
Enlarging the microscopic issues to encompass the whole is worse than a tragic
myopic lapse. In the bold face of plenliferous natural contradictions, it is laughable
evidence of stubborn pride at academic levels supposedly incapable of
exercising such base human sentiments. All too flawed and all too human. Be
sure of this, Nature cannot be codified in the simplistic dynamics of moving
matter and energetic exchanges. Nature is far more integrated and articulate,
endowed with potentials not now thought scientific.
Indeed in the eetheric continuum, there are none of the graphic details
concerning quanta. There are no structured levels, no quanta, in which eetheric
energy is constrained. Quantum physics applies to a very specific realm of
energetic transactions, one whose properties are entirely bound up in considerations
of inertia. The physics of the eetheric continuum knows no such limitations,
details, or rigorous fixtures. Incompressible, infinitesimal in cross sections,
“,ther gases permeate matter. Tesla stated that all kinetic energy was
ultimately traceable directly back to the eetheric atmosphere. lEtheric movements
provoke the “inertia” in Nature. In exploring the ultra-gaseous eetheric
medium, Tesla produced a method for bombarding various materials wtth
intensely concentrated eetheric streams. This first began with his search for a
superior eetheric lamp, one which required only an eethertc supply to produce
an intense brilliance.
Supported on a single lead wire, these bulbs produced then-unheard effects.
Tesla placed jewels, light metals, heavy metals, non-metals, and radioactive
materials in these globes. He immersed these materials in various gaseous
atmospheres. He finally tried hard vacuum. ,Ether streams exploded through
the various crystalline laltices placed atop the Single electrode. Each unidirectional
impulse passed directly through the material and out into surrounding
space. Electrode malier was Simply evaporated, converted to eether and other
particles. The hardest, most refractory materials Simply vanished away after
several seconds of this treatment. Tesla said that impulses acted as tiny “hammers”,
passing from within the substance itself out to space. Here was proof
that eether was converting mailer into pure energy. Tesla noted that the radiant
expulsions actually passed through the globes. In many cases they left only a
faint metallic stain. Soon, continued exposure to the eether streams drove even
these stains away.
Radiant Energy was not thermionic emission, as others have tried to rationalize
the phenomenon. Thermionic electrons do not pass through glass envelopes
of the thickness Tesla employed. Here was a distinct phenomenon, one
which did not in fact manifest with other than impulse applications. Tesla
alternately called these pure eethenc expulsions “radiant mailer” and “radiant
energy”. Neutral in charge and infinitesimal in both mass and cross-section,
Radiant Energy was unlike any light seen since his work was concluded. If
asked whether Radiant Energy can be compared with any existing physical
item today, one would have to decline. We cannot draw parallels between
Radiant Energy and the light energies with which science has long been preoccupied.
But if light-like at all, Radiant Energy is possessed of qualities unlike
any light which we have learned to generate. And this is precisely the problem.
Tesla Technology is Impulse Technology. Without the disruptive, unidirectional
IMPULSE, there are no Radiant Energy effects. Generating this Radiant
Energy requires special energetic applications, applications of succinct
and brief impulses. These impulses must be generated through the explosive
agency of a disruptive discharge just as Tesla prescribed.
The problem Tesla faced in obtaining purified Radiant Energy currents
was found to be the very conductive media which he was forced to use as
conductors. Materials appropriate to the release of contaminant-free emanations
could no longer be the familiar copper or even silver. Conductors now
were necessartly the very light metals. For this purpose, Tesla relied on metals
such as magnesium, aluminum, and even beryllium. With these metals as conductors,
electrodes, targets, and windows, Tesla produced a series of long
vacuum tubes. Made specifically for beaming eetheric streams, each of these
bearnray tubes employed a single concave electrode in one end. In many
cases there was a thin metallic window, usually aluminum or beryllium, at the
opposite end. The large and heavy-walled glass tube was encased in a lead
shield to protect the operator from inadvertent dangerous emissions. When
activated by the disrupter, an intensely focussed eetheric stream was projected
from the free end. This beam took the form of a tight thready ray. Tesla had
initial difficulty insulating the applications end of this bearnray tube. Preventing
the wild arcing of supply line energy was problematic, premature eether
discharges often darting around the tube rather than flowing through it This
problem was solved by enclosing the tube with a second glass jacket, and
pumping mineral otl through the outer sleeve.
The pressure within these bulbs became anomalous and high. Despite the
hard vacuum which Tesla had first provided, these bulbs often exploded. In
certain modern reproductions of these experiments, conducted by the renown
Eric Dollard, vacuum bulbs so activated actually ruptured in tiny holes, and
yet continued to produce their “vacuum” e1ischarges!Mr. Dollard and the
witnesses of these experiments reported hearing a hissing issuance which
emerged from the glass rupture holes. Once the activating energy was removed,
the globes simply imploded. Here is evidence of a radiant material emission,
whose powerful streams exert great pressure.
Tesla found that these globe-expelled streams manifested strange effects
beyond the glass containers. He was able to charge capacitors to dangerous
charge levels at great distances by focussing the light from these globes. Their
light was electrified! In bombardments, eether e1idmore than eject quanta. In
this special light, Tesla saw that eether streams were manufacturing electrons
and other detritus. This provoked his study of quanta, particles which he considered
tightly constricted streams of eether, Deformed by material passage
into ultramicroscopic foci, Tesla believed that particles could be “undone” by
appropriate means. This would release the retheric contents, an insignificant
amount of energy per particle. The stability of particulate matter depended
only upon the fixed movements of eether particles in their constricted raclii.
Particulate charges, charge carriers themselves, demonstrated a remarkable
consistency in either projecting or absorbing “,ther streams. In tltis phenomenon,
Tesla perceived an ultimate eether energy source. In his later years, he
would seek means to release a purified eetheric energy.
Tesla experimented with ruby, zirconia, diamond, sapphire, carborundum,
each producing a brilliant light until disintegration. He Simply could not find a
refractory material which could withstand the passage of tltis raeliant flux without
vaporizing. The lamps which Tesla finally succeeded in developing, carbon
button vacuum globes, e1idnot require an “amperage”. These lamps gave
off intensely brilliant light approaching the intensity and quality of true sun-
shine. The reason for his reliance on carbon was truly intriguing. Used in latter
stages of his Transformers, metals could become deadly producers of electron
dartlets, lEtheric bombardments manufactured electrons in copper terminals.
These contaminated the otherwise smooth and harmless eether streams. Tesla
sought a material whose response to eether bombardment would not result in
the introduction of electrons or any other free ionic charge. Carbon performed
well in permitting a smooth and unhindered flow of eether, one which remained
essentially unchanged. In fact, it was with his carbon button lamps that
Tesla made some of the greatest strides in eether technology (see figure).
The streams proceeding from within these lamps could be so adjusted, by
means of an adjusted rapidity in the impulse rate, so as to appear rainbow
colored, flame-like, brush-like, or intensely white. These descriptions are not
to be taken as the common varieties of brush or flame discharges. Indeed,
ordinary electrical flame discharges require DC or low frequency alternations.
True Tesla flame-like discharges require highest impulse rates. Experiments
have successfully duplicated these effects, the result of work accomplished
nearly a decade ago by Eric Dollard. The flimmering streams are like no other
electrical discharge ever produced by familiar means. When properly adjusted,
these discharges closely approximate the true appearance of the aurora borealis.
Their colorations change unpredictably from second to second, a phenomenon
not observed with ordinary electrical discharges. But at special impulse
rates, these white discharges disappear, and a “dark light” emanation is powerfully
produced: a “very special radiation”. It is neutral, penetrating, and not of
a species identified with Ultraviolet, X-Ray, or Gamma Ray, or neutron streams.
By 1893, Tesla had designed and operated signalling systems which used
such globes to flash telegraphic signals across space without apparent loss to
their receivers. These eethenc Signalling systems required no amplifiers, being
powerful and static-free. From his South Fifth Avenue Laboratory, Tesla had
already been sending loud eether ray signals up and down the Hudson River
for years with little more than small ball antennas. He was the first to develop
radio circuits and components. Tesla discovered that substances such as selenium
behaved as soft receptors of eethenc energies. Poised in solid copper
cones, uncharacteristic of even shortwave radio Signalling systems, Tesla demonstrated
both broadcast and directed beam signalling apparatus. Boxed in
beautiful mahogany with brass trims, his eethertc Signalling system was compact
and powerful. Tesla found that very low powered radiant lamp transmitters
had effect on the eetherlc atmosphere of the earth. Modulating this dynamic
eether envelope effected very “long range communications in excess of
the normal line-of-sight limitations. These developments came several years
before Marconi ever appeared on the scene with his concoction of plagiarized
equipment. The Tesla Radio System used potent eetheric streams, not weak
waves. Tesla illustrated this fact in later years, when Marconi wave radio began
evidencing all of its inefficiencies and failed potentials.
Tesla Radio did not operate in the electrical wave continuum, nor was it
reliant on waves. Tesla Radio operated in the eetheric atmosphere, and utilized
“dark light rays” of real force. A’:theric rays, thin thready eetheric streams, exceeded
the power and penetrability of waves by an incalculable degree. Tesla
Radio receiving circuitry used the power in the transmitted radiance to power
the little compact receiving stations, an unlikely possibility with weak wave
radio. Tesla soon adopted these systems for telephonic modes of operation.
An onboard battery was provided for the transmit circuit of his portable radios.
These power requirements were indeed minimal, a marvel for those who
very later on were compelled by court action to examine the contents ofTesla
Radios. Power was provided by a mere dry cell or at most, a very small storage
When examined closely by court officers years later, his patents in these
regards often raised dubious expressions in the faces of his unenlightened
critics. In both size and effectiveness, their transmissions were exceedingly
powerful, an anomalous condition by all existing standards of the day. Those
who knew nothing of the power inherent in eetheric streams could not conceive
of a passive receiving system which claimed to exchange telephonic signals
without excessive componentry, or an active transmitting circuit which
used such little power to reach the claimed great distances.
But his curiosity did not stop with this success. Later vacuum tubes were
tremendously modified and arranged so that eether streams would impinge
upon special targets. Some of these tubes poised the targets entirely within the
tube. Others placed the materials at one end of the tubes, windows through
which streamed eether and detrital components.
Researcher and author Jorge Resines has obtained information on the various
remarkable tubes which Tesla produced throughout these years, an astounding
collection. In a recent publication, Mr. Resines produced drawings
of these, a remarkable assortment resembling modern military radiopower
tubes. Teslamade extensive use of uranium, thorium, and radium as targets. It
is probable that Tesla began his research in compact “,ther power generators
when these latter varieties were employed. Tesla found that the heavier metals
produced an amazing variety of contaminating particulate emissions. It was
the resistance of elements and other materials which produced so many well
known, and other new energetic species when bombarded by eethenc streams.
Academes who limited themselves to catalogues of fixed photon and particle
species were not observing the most fundamental dynamics, contenting themselves
only with the by-products produced in resistive interactions with eethertc
streams. If the electron-rich emissions from his original copper sphere terminals
were life-hazardous discharges, the emissions from these tubes were far
Tesla discovered the varieties of energetic species emerging from the target
windows long before Roentgen announced the discovery of X-rays. Tesla had
already catalogued the existence of these and other eether-contarntnattng emissions.
His conception of radioactivity included the notion that “space impinging”
eether streams were bombarding matter of appropriate atomic cross-section.
Those densely packed lattices, capable of intercepting and diffracting
incoming eether, manifested a continual outward expulsion of particles and
energetic emissions. It was from experimental examples such as these that
Tesla drew analogues, explaining natural radioactivity. Besides citing the large
nuclear cross-section of heavy atoms and their usual radioactivity, Tesla also
believed that special atomic symmetries could diffract or deflect incoming eether
streams sufficiently enough to produce radioactive emissions in lighter metals.
The projected eether streams could be directed through very long distances
without the slightest sign of divergence. They were intensely powerful. Indeed
these rays seemed to self-constrict, a nature unknown in the electromagnetic
spectrum. Soon Tesla began examining the possibility of beaming esther streams
between special towers, a powerline analogue which substituted eether beams
for powerlines. In this manner, power would not be wasted away in all directions
as he had Originally planned to do. Now, a much improved system would
permit the conservation and concentration of eether energy along tight thready
beams. Power could be distributed to neighborhoods from such central tower
receivers along horizontal radii to consumers. The entire distribution system
resembled a neurological network. Beamed from tower to tower throughout
the countryside, eethenc energy streams from central stations could thus be
distributed everywhere without substantial loss (see figure).
The eetheric beams had other, more deliberate applications, which startled
Tesla and all those who witnessed his many experiments. These beams could
be focussed to a tiny pinpoint and directed into metals. The streams simply
sprayed over the surfaces. But when the impulse durations were carefully adjusted,
the spray became a needle which easily pierced the plate. In this permeating
stream of force, metal plates Simply melted. In some cases they exploded.
Tesla found it possible to bum diamond with such pinpoints of force.
Indeed by such results, his concept of “force” had been completely revolutionized.
What he had both observed and learned in these issues were cunningly
preserved by him in numerous press interviews. His pre-planned statements
had as their intention a provocation of the deepest kind. Toward whom were
these principally aimed? Toward all those who, while not interested or excited
enough about his findings to learn more, yet maintained their distant and aloof
luxury of criticism and slander. Only one person maintained the closest and
almost fatherly bond with him throughout these years. That person was Sir
William Crookes, Tesla’s hero and mentor. Their continuous and sincere correspondence
remained one of the only sources of human solace upon which
Tesla could both seek and rely.
While experimenting with his vacuum globes, Tesla observed the linearity
of the expelled streams. When projected from small spherical electrodes, these
eethenc rays travelled in sharp radii from the center. So infinitesimal were the
carriers of this eetheric stream that they were able to reveal the inner atomic
lattice of crystalline matter. Small crystals of metal or gemstones produced
characteristic point patterns on the surface of the globes. It was apparent that
“,ther particles, the neutral sub-electronic particles that Tesla termed “Radiant
Energy”, actually passed through the material which were poised on the electrodes
“from the inside out”. That is, they passed through the atomic lattices of
those materials and, in so doing, carried information in the stream. What sort
of information? Nuclei diffracted these infinitesimals on their rapid journeys
up through the electrode nuclei. In doing so, their otherwise uniform density
was deformed. That the particles of this Radiant Energy could pass through
the atomic lattices at all gave proof that these were neutral particles. For Tesla,
thy were the result of extreme bombardments, where matter is absolutely
sheared beyond its subatomic conditions. Tesla, along with Dr. Le Bon, adhered
to the notion that a smooth transition existed between energy and matter.
A whole spectrum of materializations could therefore exist when appropriate
bombarding matter was secured. Tesla believed he had found the most
powerful agency for such bombardments, an agency released only through
the explosive successions of his Transformer.
Because these streams could carry such detailed information, Tesla began
to imagine a means for transmitting visual information, The additional characteristic
by which eether streams maiolained their strict rectilinear paths in transit,
stimulated Tesla to hypothesize that broad eether streams could carry pictorial
imagery. Projected from broad plates, and forming densely “parallel”
streams, such a system could carry images to any distance.
Potent and penetrating, eethenc rays provided a new kind of light for an
equally new kind of communications system. Tesla stated that whole images
could be projected through such invisible radiant matter rays. Such a visual
exchange system would be as Simple as a slide projector, though obviously
more potent. In this, Tesla early conceived of a television system which, yet
today, remains revolutionary.
Striking in its analogue to the “magick lanterns” of the Victorian Epoch,
Tesla produced a design lacking the complex scanning mechanisms which
plagued all later picture transmission systems. Invisibly travelling through walls,
eetheric streams could be captured and resolved by using special sensitive
plates, on which live images could be focussed. Image loaded eetheric streams
would be projected from central broadcast stations at impulse rates which
would Simply pass through all material obstacles. Invisible in their transit through
intervening spaces, such whole image transmissionscould be received and
translated back into visibility through the imposition of special phosphor-coated
plates. Images would travel through space as a whole block. These images
could be beamed directly from source to receiver. Signals would be strong,
requiring no amplification or additional energy supply. Signals would be noise
free, the dense eetheric continuum being completely different that the harsh
electromagnetic continuum. Dark light projection through walls!
Tesla described a means by which several such Signals could be superimposed
without mutual interference. A Simple tuning mechanism in the receiver
would select the images desired. Tesla related that such superimposition could
accommodate thousands of simultaneous signals, thousands of channels. Whole
image transmission of extreme defmition, without a scanning mechanism, was
made possible by the eetheric stream. It would be years later, in 1917, that
Tesla described a modification of this system of whole image television. In a
subsequent interview, Tesla described a system by which distant objects could
be whole-imaged. His design incorporated all of the components planned for
his commercial television system. His modified system was a remote-locating
device. Again lacking the complexity of scanning systems and other heavy
support components, any ship equipped with his fluorescent screens could
“image” a distant ship or submarine by projecting a ray beam through air, fog,
rain, or even water. The rays were unstoppable, being reflected whenever they
intercepted a metalJic hood or hull.
Tesla’s shipbome bearnray projector would pulse eetheric streams, of very
specific intervals, out across a horizontal plane. Tesla stated that this “electric
ray”, when encountering any obstacle, would be reflected back to the source
point. Here, the otherwise invisible beam would be visually resolved by the
same special phosphor-coated plates as planned for the commercial television
system. In this announcement, Tesla leaked a secret concerning the essential
nature of his eether beamrays. Apparently, through the application of very
specific impulses at the source, eether streams could actually be reflected from
matter. The Tesla range-locator, a system designed to spot submarines or battleships
alike, was simple, potent, failproof, and effective. Here again, Tesla made
use of the extreme defmition provided through the beamed projection of ultrainfinitesimal
“Radiant Energy”. Here again was evidence that neutral Radiant
Energy could be made to interact with matter Simply by varying the pulsed
projection interval. The military was not interested at the time.
Once initiated and maintained, the space flowing currents from a beamray
tube could not be extinguished. Difficult at first to believe, but the eether currents
from such devices for a time continued. Tesla found it possible to produce
long lasting currents which persisted throughout his laboratory and demonstration
spaces. tJ1 he needed to do was tum on a beamray tube to stimulate
the space flow. Tesla found that the removal of eether currents from a
space in which they had been directed, was not easy. No, eether currents were
not easily extingutshed. Radiant Energy did not behave as all other familiar
energy forms. Here were artificial “rether drifts”, a topic which represented a
deep mystery. Momentum. The momentum of eether currents was sufficient to
maintain their continuous passage through any space for a time. An initiatory
period was required to establish the current lEther responded to pressure
changes. Any strong currents in the eether would gather other energy from the
surrounding eetheric aimosphere. Once started, these would continue for an
hour or more.
Tesla demonstrated this principle of action. Lamps remained brightly lit
long after power had been withdrawn. When merely placed in the paths where
tether currents had been directed, lamps could be reignited. This condition
persisted for several minutes, evidence that eether currents kept flowing long
after the beamray tube was extinguished. Tesla very casually mentioned this
fact when describing a process by which he could “obtain energy for hours”
after his impulse transmitters were disconnected. Tesla described this “ionized”
condition in the ambient medium. He also described the nature of strange
discharges obtained from organic materials. Clothes, hair, and wooden objects
produced soft white, gossamer sparks for an equivalent hour or more. These
were long, very clingy, and thready. Strange gossamer! Such discharges do not
sound familiar. They are certainly not electrical phenomena, being the very
obvious result of an intense bombardment in a far deeper natural realm of
energy, From any electrical vantage alone, all of these phenomena sounded
absolutely ridiculous and overdone, the “poetic” fabrications of a madman,
In addition, Tesla found that space-traversing currents gained extra power
from the surrounding eetheric supply. This extra supply was pulled into the
current channel, guided only by its own momentum, This was why eether
power did not diminish as other energetic manifestations, Aether, possessed of
momentum, did not suffer from frictional losses either. Aether beams remained
rigidly fixed in their position, flowing on and on until the gradual diminution
process finally brings them to a halt. An experimenter, Mr. Gregory Hodowanec,
has conducted experiments in this fascinating field. He has successfully corroborated
these claims of Tesla, showing in a most remarkable and Simple
manner that any impulse, movement, or stimulation in the eetheric atmosphere
“continues to flow” in place for hours at a time. Along with the gravitic waves
with which he is principally concerned, Mr. Hodowanec employs capacitors to
detect eetheric impulses in space. Most remarkably, he has extended the science
of rether into an exploration of gravitation.
Quite obviously, Tesla Transformers were able to stimulate strong flow lines
in the eetheric atmosphere, These surged through his special vacuum tubes
along any direction in which they were aimed, He found himself, like his
mentor Sir William Crookes, searching through laboratory space for evidence
of atmospheric eether drifts, Sir William had predicted that “ectoplasmic disturbances”
in the “,theric continuum might be detected with special high vacuum
discharge globes of his own early design, Used as a scrytng telescope for peering
into the spectral world, he had hoped that it would reveal a new dimension,
Toward this and other ends, Dr, Crookes continually made tests with his
large globular discharge devices, carefully unpacking them from their special
velvet-lines boxes in old English estates, There in large darkened rooms, while
peering into the mirrored concave electrodes covered over in white fltmmertng
radiance, the whimsical bespectacled man with the twinkling smile eagerly
Another “detail” which Tesla discovered dealt with the “pliant” nature of
the “,ther. When appropriately stimulated by his methods, eether could be
made to execute strange convolutions. JEther was incredibly responsive to
pressure changes anywhere along its path, The slightest effective exertion on
such a stream produced an instantaneous corresponding movement throughout
the whole flow, JEtheric streams behaved in a “stiff” way, much like high
pressure jets of water fired through pinholes, They were not always visible in
transit, producing a white streaming light only near the point of their departure
from his special high vacuum tubes, These beams were not composed of electrons,
X-Rays, or Gamma Rays. Once released and directed eetheric beams
did not diverge or bend unless striking into appropriate materials,
Tesla forever maintained that natural radioactivity was the weak by-product
of a powerful, but unmeasurable dielectric flux whose source was space
eether. Focussing into dense nuclei, eether was diverted and blocked. This concentrated
bombardment produced particulate and photonic emanations through
“spallation”, divergent energetic impacts between particles. But using dielectric
energy would be using the very source of these radioactive manifestations.
It was curious that eether, being the far greater power source, was so very soft
in its natural state. One could stand exposed to an eether stream and never
become ill. Tesla found to his delight that “,ther streams of specific impulse
were beneficial, and exposed himself to their streams daily for periods of an
hour or more as desired. Tesla inferred that eether particles passed through the
body as if it were transparent. The only time they interacted was when the
pulsations were such that physiology began to pulsate in rhythmic successions
with the incoming eether pulses. In his use of eetheric streams, Tesla found a
remarkable resultant elevation in both sensation and consciousness. Ideas
seemed to emerge and visions clarify during these exposures. Interactions of
bio-organic matter with eether pulsations became the source of vitalizing influences.
lEther was neutral, and did not ionize matter unless focussed and delivered
as a short duration impulse train.
Tesla learned that he could actually impress an eetheric stream with changes
from the reception site, a true anomaly. £ther was so responsive to manipulations
from the received end of a stream that cascade reactions would quickly
spread along the stream back to its source. Thus, a receiver could literally
force the eether source to feed it wherever it moved! This was the result of
pressure laws, superluminal speeds, and eetheric density. Any rarefaction in
the “,ther flow would instantly tug eether into the lower pressure volume. lEther
responses occurred with superlurninal velocity, conditions being established
and strengthened after a small such manipulation of the flow. Tesla saw that he
could literally “shape” the “,ther flow within certain degrees of freedom. Most
engineers Simply failed to comprehend how anyone could exert a powerful
such effect on a gaseous atmosphere which was supposedly inaccessible!
Additionally, bearns of eether acquired extra power in transit across any
long space, an essential anomaly. This is why bearnrays of Radiant Energy
never weakened after being projected for long distances. This was an unheard
condition, where otherwise “lost energy” maintains and gathers strength after
being expended across space. Obviously, Radiant Energy was finding a mysterious
energetic supply while in transit. None of the expectable energy laws of
natural diminution applied to Radiant Energy. This was because the eether
was everpresent, a ready and undiminished supply of energy. £ther was a
gaseous radiance, often invisible to the eye, but a powerful pressure source.
Along with several colleagues of the day, Tesla firmly ascribed to the eetheric
theory of gravitation. Gravitation was evidence that a groundward eetheric
pressure was at work, permeating mass and producing fixed relationships of
attraction with respect to the earth proper. The apparent constant acceleration
of different falling masses was accordingly calculated as a function of density
and cross-section. Theoretically, the concept remains a curiously flawless explanation
of gravitation. Perhaps the recent scientific world too much resembles
the world of “pop” art and music, where fickle fads and novelties are more
important than expressions of excellence.
It seemed confirmed that eether, Radiant Energy, was indeed possessed of
strange responses to external action. It actually interacted with receivers of its
penetrating force. If allowed to strike distant targets for example, a strange
transformation in the otherwise straight path lines could take place. Beams
would become tightly constricted at the target, self-focussing themselves into
the material. But subsequent movements in targeted matter would cause deflections
and undulations in the otherwise straight beam. The influence of the
recipient, of the target, could very often work its way back to the source and
force a deflection! lEther beams were thus extremely sensitive, and could “track”
a target (see figure).
Despite every twist or turn, once an eether beam had constricted into a
material target, there was no escaping it These dynamics were later viewed in
a series of celebrated illustrations which Tesla directed and approved. One
sees flying craft and ocean vessels drawing power from the one of the World
Broadcast Stations, the bright beam “tracking” each target and supplying it
with motive power. In this, it was evident that eether streams were ruled by
pressure principles, and responded to pressure changes instantaneously. But
pressures in what atmosphere?
Additionally, while it was possible for Tesla to direct such beams of eether
in any direction, these were not the most powerful manifestations of eether flow
in the environment. Tesla had indeed found certain very defined natural eetheric
drifts, angles along which eether streams seemed to last much, much longer
than usual. It was as if some additional power had been added to the beamrays
which he launched. He observed the times required for these arliflcial eether
currents to gradually fade out. Though initially strong when launched, their
effects did fade eventually. Regardless of their remarkable continuance, a persistence
due to eethertc pllancy and momentum, eether currents anywhere directed
did not continue forever. They evidenced a diminution, and this suggested
an interfering source. Where was it?
Tesla now perceived a much larger vista. He comprehended the successful
operation of his first Transformers in the absence of formal ground connections.
In these modes, Impulse Transformers were shunting space sourced
eether from aerial routes through aerial routes. These modes exchanged eether
streams largely in a horizontal plane. This now was not viewed by Tesla as the
most powerful embodiment of the system. Complete efficiency, maximum
power, was obtained only in connection with the ground. This arrangement
placed the apparatus in conformance with natural processes, vast systems whose
dominating activities demanded technological conformity. Tesla had discovered
a system which had to be geophysical in order to be efficient, a revolutionary
concept for the day. This notion hailed back to archane knowledge
which placed technology in subservience to natural process. Unlike the mechanistic
science which began with the Eighteenth Century, and which challenged
Natural Order with a supposed autonomous technology, Tesla had stumbled
onto a great and forgotten truth. Here was a technology which could tap a
virtually eternal natural process.
Many other eetheric drifts were measured. Shifting and wandering, these
could be measured with changes in seasons and weather patterns. Tesla perceived
that whorls, eddies, and laminar flow lines revealed a dynamic eether,
This was a theme not widely discussed since Descartes drew his conceptual
maps of eetheric whirlpools in space. Here then was not a Simple and “homogeneous
continuum”, as Victorian Science believed, whose streams smoothly
and effortlessly flowed through the terrestrial environment. Tesla discovered
the detail which these theories lacked, through the empirical method which so
often corrects and finalizes our knowledge. In this quest, he was indebted to
his senses, an absolute rellance on the Qualitative Method which affirmed the
greater sensitivity of human perceptions. Tesla placed first emphasis always on
the inestimable value of perception and the humanly valuable knowledge which
it so often brought.
He again recalled the light from his vacuum bulbs and their strong resemblance
to natural sunlight. The mere light from these lamps was filled with a
component which produced strong pressure effects and additionally, could
charge capacitors. So complete were the electrostatic states of capacitors charged
in this manner that mica dielectrics often ruptured under the strain. Tesla
knew that retheric particles, his “Radiant Energy”, were being expelled from
his Single terminal lamps. This produced the pressures felt on the face when
exposed to the brilliant light. Entering the metallic layers of the capacitor,
these eether particles were manufacturing electrons. This what brought about
the electrostatic strain capable of rupturing the dielectrics. There was no electricity
in the eether stream per se, the electricity appeared when resisted by
appropriate elements. Metals, the good electroconductors, were obviously some
of these elements.
But sunshine had these attributes as well. Sunlight contained an eetheric
component, previously described by researchers such as Baron Karl von
Reichenbach, Gustav Le Bon, and George S. White. Metals in sunlight evidenced
absorptions in varieties of response to eetherlc penetrations. Dr. Le
Bon spoke of his experiments with metals which had been exposed to focussed
sunlight, experiments which produced radio activities far in excess of
those produced by radium itself. Indeed, there had been those cases where
roofing copper, after years of exposure to intense sunlight and natural process,
became quite radioactive (Lehr). Exposure to sunlight eether produced bombardments
capable of transmuting elements. Additionally, exposure to sunlight
produced the same pressure effects as observed in his eether-pulsed vacuum
lamps. One often sensed that some energetic component was actually completely
penetrating the skin. On the skin surface, academes measured “infrared”
and “ultraviolet”, the manufactured products of eether streams passing
through bio-organic matter.
When Tesla began publishing his thoughts on eetheric particles from space,
what he first termed “cosmic rays”, the academic derision was unbridled and
caustic. One of the chief voices in this assault on Tesla was one young Robert
Millikan, who had apparently learned that art of “creative skeptical mockery”
to gain favor from his mentors. In later years when academic doldrwns required
some new creative turn. Dr. Millikan now claimed credit for having
discovered “cosmic rays”. Had he bothered to read the articles which Tesla
had written, and against which he had so very much to say, Millikan would not
have been satisfied with his own so-called discoveries. Tesla stated that true
cosmic rays were like Radiant Energy, not at all the heavy ions, and gamma
rays which Millikan was detecting. In speaking of the prodigious quantities of
rether forcibly expelled by the sun and stars, academes of his day thought him
Nevertheless, Tesla continued to teach that these radtant particles were
undetectable by normal means. Those like Millikan, who succeeded in detecting
charged particles from space, and not identified these primary radiant
particles. Tesla stated that the so-called “cosmic rays” of the conventionallexicon
were tertiary and even quaternary residues, the splattered by-products of
collisions stimulated by Radiant Energy. He claimed the means by which he
had successfully detected these before the turn of the Century. More than this,
Testa was now about to harness the “eternal wheelworks of Nature”,
The eetheric volumes which came to the earth from the space was an incalculable
volume, a power source of eternal consequence. It arrived to earth
under extreme pressure, a value which Tesla calculated in the range of several
“hundred million volts”. Tesla stated that the eetheric atmosphere, though often
a “dark light”, floods the earth at all times with its great power. Tesla stated
that both the geointernal radioactive elements and the native heat of the earth
was a direct result of eetheric bombardment from space. Although the sun was
a dominant source of Radiant Energy, Tesla stated that it was not the only
supplier of “,theric particles. lEther was expelled from all points in interstellar
space, a constant supply of natural Radiant Energy. Such energy was released
by stellar processes. Since the sun was a local eether source, it figured in the
total eether supply. The normal space influx was therefore augmented during
the daytime by the additional solar supply. Bombarding the earth from all
directions, Radiant Energy entered the earth. Once having passed through the
crust, it was sufficiently slowed to lodge deep within the mantle. After passing
through these miles of rock, the highly pressured and kinetically energetic
esther transferred its prodigious energies to the deeper material of the earth
Sunlight. Starlight. Space. Radiant Energy. The connections were too direct
to be misleading, the concept too direct to be erroneous. Here was an inescapable
probability awaiting application. Just as his eether stream projectors had
power to push matter and charge certain metals, so too did sunlight have this
inherent potential. Only a means for fully tapping this enormous flow prevented
humanity from harnessing the true and most formidable energy in
sunlight. Conceiving of the sun, its eether flow, and the earth itself, Tesla recognized
that a vast eetheric exchange system was here represented. This system
was the self-generative natural source from which energy could Simply be absorbed
and used. No fuel needed ever be consumed again.
The notion that eether could be resisted by certain materials, was new to the
theory of eether, Formerly, this theory ascribed unreal characteristics to eether,
Tesla now had empirical facts against which to form a realistic model. Specific
matter could deflect eetheric streams. Electrostatic fields as well demonstrated
their ability to distort eetheric streams. Here were special facts, having special
technological implications. To be empowered in the quest of developing eetheric
technology was to be on the very threshold of achieving wonders. In several
experimental instances, researchers discovered the complete annihilation of
gravitic effects due to extreme positive electrostatic charge. George Piggot
showed that it was possible to suspend large beads of silver within a positive
monopolar field. Dr. Francis Nipher also demonstrated the complete reversal
of gravitational attraction in a modified Cavendish balance. Here too it was
found that strong positive electrostatic charge, though completely shielded in
Faraday cages, successfully repelled neutral matter. These could only be the
result of eetheric interactions.
Tesla now understood why certain geological regions were most “energetic”
and conducive to the juncture of electrical communication systems. Old telegraphers
and telephone linesmen knew the difference between “good ground”
ad “bad ground”. This lesson was again being learned by those who had chosen
the pursuit of wave radio. Only certain ground sites were acceptable as
sites from which exceptionally strong Signals could be launched out into space.
While Tesla disdained those who so pursued Marconi and his weak reproductions
of Hertzian research, he also understood why the geological sites worked
in their efficient manner. Most practical engineers Simply equated these geological
sites with “better conductivity”. This simplistic explanation was, very
unfortunately, untrue. It was found that such “good ground” did not always
conform with geological features at all. Furthermore, it was impossible to rely
on geological patterns for the accurate selection of radio station sites. Tesla
perceived that space sourced eether streams were responsible for “good ground” I
focussing and flowing into the ground for reasons much deeper than geology
alone. Perhaps it was the eetheric flow which caused the geology!
Tesla inferred that locales in which eether had been resisted caused such
intense bombardment that radioactive minerals had there been generated.
JEther streams were modified by existed geological structures, focussing or
dispersing throughout each region. Perhaps also these were the reasons why
certain locations demonstrated distorted gravitational and perceptual behaviors.
This bombardment from space was energetic enough to produce the
observed natural georadioactivity and geothermal heat. In this view, gravitation
itself was a direct result of eethenc bombardment from space. Tesla viewed
the earth itself as a gigantic stone lens, focussing all incoming eether particles.
In this manner, geothermal heat would be localized within a given subterranean
horizon. Heat would be continually released throughout the earth, being
most intense within its horizon. There were other geophysical consequences of
this focussed bombardment. Indeed, the eether flow from space was an overwhehning
supply. Tesla often became ecstatic just to imagine or speak of it.
JEther was entering the earth from space continuously! Tesla began making
connections from this knowledge into those mysteries which presently occupied
the scientific preoccupations of his day. This wonderful eetheric flow from
space manifested itself in a host of unexplained electrical phenomena with
which science had long been baffled. Many explanations rushed together.
Now Tesla was able to understand that sunlight contained an retheric component,
one which drove itself in endless streams from space into the ground.
This was the process responsible for the generating the natural dielectric field
of the earth, responsible for the spontaneous charging of aerial terminals or
grounded capacitors, responsible for natural electric displays, and so forth.
The terrestrial electric field, problematic from every explanatory perspective,
could be explained by retheric principles alone.A technology which worked
entirely in the retheric realm would provide undreamed potentials for humanity.
In truth the retheric realm lay too close to the very realms of sensation and
consciousness for coincidence, a parallel which Tesla had long pondered. Perhaps
the formation of deserts was caused by excessive such bombardments.
The subsequent loss of life and water vapor from such regions evidenced the
dangerous conelitions that could be produced by a technological system which
used rether. He would necessarily have to seek out places which were already
desertified, a site whose elevation was great. He began to plan his great experiment
in order to determine the exact parameters needed to establish a truly
commercial rether power system.
Tesla observed these pulsations and chose a range within which to operate
his rether engine. The incoming rether waves would supply a continual supply
of enormous power. If his impulse transmitter could be made to accommodate
the exact incoming pulsations which he had chosen, a valving action would be
established. The impulse transmitter could then appropriate the incoming energetic
pulsations, entering into the natural georetheric flow. Once this condition
was established, one which Tesla referred to as “impulse resonance”, a
host of possibilities would then present themselves. Tesla could arrange to
rebroadcast these rether pulses at more rapid rates, to be absorbed at higher
rates by elistant ground connected appliances.
Tesla now apprehended the fact that incoming eether so bombarded the
ground that electronic charge was actually produced therein. These spontaneously
manufactured electrons elistributed themselves through slow conduction
process throughout the ground. Of course, there were geo-related inconsistencies
to this conductive process, electrons bunching in certain places and causing
continual electrostatic phenomena (Corliss) .Here then was the mysterious
source of terrestrial elielectricfields.Apart from the daytime deformations caused
by the sun, the orientation of this elielectric field remained constant day and
night. While only mildly deformed during the day, the field was a remarkably
resilient natural feature of the environment, one whose very presence could
not truly be understood. From where elid this field originate?
What was the source of the excess electronic charge constantly emerging
from the ground, whose electrostatic field reached out into space? Tesla had
learned that retheric bombardments of certain matter ejected, and at times
manufactured electrons. £ther particles often condensed within atomic nuclei,
the manufacture process being evidence by an excess of negative charge
in laboratory bombardment experiments. The very light of his vacuum lamps
was sufficiently charged with neutral Radiant Energy to charge capacitors. If
this served as an example of natural principles, then Radiant Energy from
space was the real source of the terrestrial electronic charges.
Bombarding the atmosphere, and plowing into the upper crust on their way
toward the mantle, the primary ultra-infmitesimal eether particles manufactured
electrons. These drifted up to the surface and distributed themselves more or
less uniformly, a constantly manufactured supply of undiminished quantity.
This was why the dielectric field of the earth remained so clock-eonstant. Just
as the Radiant Energy from his vacuum lamps steadily charged capacitors
across a room, so also did the Radiant Energy from space steadily charge the
earth. This powerful natural eether flow, from space to ground, flooded the
environment. The conversion of continually produces an excess population of negative charge which has never
found satisfactory explanation.
It was apparent that. while the sun was the most “local” terrestrial esther
source, a vast reservoir of densely concentrated eether was indeed coming in
from all other parts of space at all times undiminished. The sun did not dominate
the eetheric supply, it augmented the supply. This reception process was
endless, a constant stream of unsuspected energy which entered the earth day
and night. For Tesla this revealed a whole dynamic in which eetheric flow
directed and guided all processes electrical . ..Ether was the superior, electricity
the inferior. What eether did, electrical phenomena followed. This Single principle
became for him a rule of unparalleled use. Tesla consistently stated that
eether was being condensed into electrons at a specific rate, by which the
terrestrial electric field was being manufactured. Physicists derided this notion,
claiming that the excess electrons came from space “already made”. Science
remains bound in numerous tautologies encompassing geomagnetism, solar
wind, geo-thermoelectric process, and so on. Each of these hypotheses represent
failed attempts at maintaining the “ionic balance”.
None of the bookkeeping techniques explains the excess of negative charge
however. Later theories tried to show that these electrons arrived in a solar
wind, the expelled debris from the solar thermonuclear reaction. But, all natural
effects being balanced, no such “excess” of negative charge should be
claimed for a solar wind hypothesis. The solar wind is a plasma, a neutral
population. Tesla realized that academic science had been measuring the weak
transition of eether into electrons, and calling the process a mystery. Not comprehending
the invisible cause of the effect they measured, academes could
not discover the source of excess negative charge! What Tesla greatly desired
was the extraction of energy, free energy, from the natural eether flow.
Several pieces of essential information had been working their magick in
Tesla’s mind for months. Since his outdoor experiments with his preliminary
broadcast power system, Tesla pondered the mystery of ground connections
and their strangely increased efficiency. How had the ground applied impulses
from the Transmitter somehow inexplicably accumulated power in traversing
the ground toward the grounded appliances? He had found that a single elevated
terminal greatly intensified the “energy magnification” effect. Many
confused this arrangement with the ordinary aerial-ground components being
developed at the time for wave radio applications. Misunderstanding the eetheric
prime motivator of these transmitters, most would have viewed the various
models of Tesla power systems in this conventional way. Indeed, examining
the patents reveals no especially unusual components. The only attributes which
differ in Tesla Patents are his descriptions, purposefully precise and perplexing
in their assertions. In fact, the descriptions teach that efficient performance
occurs with terminals which are largely capacitive. According to wave radio
principles, these systems should never operate. Those who attempt to analyze
Tesla impulse transmitters from the wave radio perspective walk away either
baffled or critical. One cannot rationalize Tesla Patent texts when viewed in a
Aether was more highly concentrated in the ground, but it flowed from
space into that ground. Since the stream was directed groundward, the only
possible means for absorbing extra eether energy was to forcefully drive an
eether current down! With the applied flow directed into the ground, incoming
eether from space would be given a resistance-free path to follow. The impulse
transmitter would be acting as a pump. The immense space reservoir would
be drawn down through the system. With the parameters very strictly controlled,
space eether would prefer the elevated terminal to the natural geology,
a more resistant an inhomogeneous surface. Accelerated by this downward
flow, eether streams would very quickly turn toward the impulse transmitter
from outlying volumes of space. The impulse transmitter would be a source of
almost eternal energy. But there were a few more facts to learn and a few more
problems to solve before a practical eether engine could be built and operated.
Were there additional characteristics in the natural flow which would require
special systems accommodations?
Tesla used gas-dynamic and hydro-dynamic analogues in developing apparatus
toward this remarkable objective. In his outdoor tests, the ground connection
had revealed something of the process which he would now engage.
Tesla had already learned that his impulse transmitters could absorb “extra
energy” when grounded. Appliances too, when grounded, would produce
uncharacteristic magnified performances. He should have known! This was
early evidence that a natural eether supply was already present between sky
and ground. In some inexplicable way, his impulse transmitters had entered
the eether absorption process of Nature. Through some simple “pumping”
action, an additional energy flow had made its appearance in his power broadcast.
This now made sense. The creation of an “eether pump” would necessarily
conform with the prevailing natural eether flow, one which poured down
from space to the earth. The relatively small applications of his impulse transmitter
was being given an enormous “boost” by the natural downpour!
Discovering more details about the space eether was now more than intriguing.
It was a technological necessity. In the absence of any such knowledge,
the pursuit of excellence had been a slow and methodic succession of discoveries
in which he was left alone. His numerous publications and press conferences
consistently highlighted the potentials of a future technology which would
change the world system. Having already demonstrated the fact that Polyphase
could undo an “institution” as American as Thomas Edison, his former employee,
many financiers had become concerned when Tesla described wireless
power transmission. Heavily invested in Polyphase, the general feeling of
security was by far too shaken by his now numerous and detailed announcements.
It was very obvious to all who knew him, for he was well known in such
social circles, that he had perfected the broadcast power system to a degree
which could put them all out of business. Here were the first confrontations of
finance and technology, meeting in the person of Nikola Tesla. Concerned
enough to meet the impending crisis which seemed so imminent at the hands
of Tesla, a select and powerful consortium of financiers arranged a formal
reply to Tesla’s many overtures.
In the early morning hours of March 13, 1895 at 2:00 AM, the magnificent
Tesla Research Laboratory at 33-35 South Fifth Avenue exploded and burned.
Floor upon floor fell until the building was nothing but a swirling wind of ash.
The devastation was unprecedented, the very obvious work of hired saboteurs.
Dynamite charges destroyed the very building foundation, a death trap
which could not fail, Unknowing to them, and breaking his normal nightly
routine that particular evening, Tesla had quietly slipped out through a concealed
stairwell for an extended dinner at Delmonico’s. Tesla returned with
his frantic assistant, Mr. Czito, and watched the ashes drift down the avenue
until dawn. He vanished for two weeks to the great concern of his closest and
The message of his return left his shadowy enemies thunderstruck. Tesla
was still alive! His next public announcement was divisive and deliberate. Every
press interview for the remainder of his life took a new turn. He was no
longer opened and candid. This mystique drove intrigued enthusiasts toward
his every statement. He was now planning the broadcast of power on a worldwide
scale, and requested funding from the very ones he clearly knew were
the guilty parties. It was well known by the public that certain such individuals
had long threatened Tesla with the hostile takeover of his Polyphase amalgamation with Westinghouse. Fearful of public accusations in the all too obvious
foiled death attempt, the guilty parties crawled out of the woodwork with philanthropic
donations which Tesla absorbed with relish. He played this game
with the same parties all of their remaining lives, until none of them were left to
extort “philanthropic donations”. The hurt and the loss, nevertheless remained.
He was purposed now to achieve what he had set out to do. Overturrting the
financial stronghold which he perceived taking root in the world, would be
brought down at all costs. Energy, fuel, financial power, and regulation, these
several principles would be reversed by the social response which his new
technology would exact. The demand? Absolute freedom from the tyranny of
Into these fields he continually strove, hts technology the threshing tool. In
his new laboratory at 40 West Houston Street, Tesla conducted a number of
very revealing experiments with grounded impulse transmitters. He had conducted
sufficient experiments in this new laboratory to acquire certain basic
information necessary to the construction of a large-scale test station, a remarkable
ability to perform small scale tests with a view toward subsequent enlargements.
Pumping the local area with eether streams, Tesla discovered an amazing
and essential fact which he had not previously realized. His ground pumping
impulse transmitters operated with peak efficiency only when specific pulsations
were applied. He also noted that the timing of applied such pulsations
would produce zero reading or maximum readings on the output side. This
meant only one thing: the strongest incoming pulsations were clock-regular.
Instances where he received “zero outputs” were instances where the impulse
transmitter was completely out of phase. Instances where he received strongest
outputs were instances where the transmitters were completely in phase with
the incoming pulsations. Of course there were those instances where a moderate
output was gained, instances where the pumping action may have preceded
or followed the incoming pressures just a bit. In order to absorb these
natural pulsations with greatest efficiency, he had to find a Simple way to synchronize
the Transmitter with them exactly.
The pulsations themselves represented a natural process which Tesla had
never suspected. Here was evidence that space eether did not in fact flow from
space smoothly. The earth as whole was somehow modulating parts of the
eether flow. Tesla monitored and charted this complex and fascinating natural
phenomenon, an exciting display of mysterious origin. There were slow pulses
whose ultraslow periods exceeded his ability to record them. Others required
hours to express themselves, yet others a few minutes each. The eether pulsation
spectrum had no lower limits and certainly no upper ones. Here were
ample natural “channels” to use for power and other applications. In order to
build a functiorting eether engine, he would have to select one of these strong
Tesla found that an amazing sequence of pulsations coexisted in this in corning flood. These came as pressure waves, never reversing direction, and were
interspersed by relaxation intervals having specific duration. Therefore, the
incoming eether came as complex superimposed pulsations, each having their
own periods of pressure and relaxation. There was no upper or lower limit to
these. Many of these pulse trains were very powerful, not just a few. Those
powerful pulsations obviously differed in cause and source. Some were solar
stimulated, others had more mysterious origins in outer space. He correctly
surmised the source of the more powerful pulsations. The sun played its greatest
role in this pulsation process. Because it represented an eether SOurce so
close to the earth, its streams did not arrive with the uniform distribution of the
space eether supply. The proximity stimulated the strong pulsations which were
found to occur at fixed rates and in a specific range of pulsations. Pulsation
groups were found, those groups each having singular source. Whether in the
sun, the stars, the influence of planets, or mysterious causes in space, each
group represented an available pulsation spectrum for utility.
The source of all these pulsations had several causes. Space sourced eether
entered the earth at pulsation rates related to the mysterious processes occurring
in deepest space. Many of their pulsations were the result of those space
processes, having nothing to do with earth. Others yet had to do with process
in space we may never properly comprehend. These represent the native properties
of space and so forth. Yet there existed a class of pulsations definitely
related to the proximal sun and the earth as a resistive body. The rocky earth
represents a resistance to the otherwise smooth and continuous flow of eether
Resistance in the crust brought an eether intensification process into play.
The self-collimating self-magnifying property which he had observed, while
experimenting in countless other applications, was suddenly appreciated on a
terrestrial scale. Resisted eether focussed into the resistant medium, producing
intense bombardments with subsequent explosive particle emissions. One principle
emission was electronic in nature. Electrons appeared in the rocky resistant
matter, a contaminant which often choked the pure eetheric flow. The
electron conversion process retarded the eethertc flow. On the terrestrial scale,
such effects were enormous in scope. The incoming space eether stream was
not such a smooth flow after all, an unexpected fact. Tesla saw the native
pulsation properties of space sources. These did not result from contact with
earth resistance at all. But because the earth itself resisted the various incoming
supplies in various degrees, special group pulsations had long ago been initiated
in the groundward eether efflux. These group pulse effects were produced
on a vast scale. The incoming eether pulsated into and over the surface of the
ground, in some places smoothly, in others with greater difficulty. Certain
geological locales had been the historically persistent site where prodigious
lightning activity had been the familiar local attribute.
This retardation in the natural absorption of eether yet occurs on a vast
terrestrial scale. The already pulsating streams encounter resistance, first in the
atmosphere, and then in the crust. Space streams, however pulsing, are slowed
from the otherwise superluminal velocities as a group by crustal resistance and
the electron conversion process. The condition had existed for aeons, Momentum
in the “,ther supply maintained the incoming group pulsations. The growth
and establishment of this pulsation process was unstoppable. £ther pulses in,
is converted into electrons, relaxes, and comes in again. In addition, the proxtmity
of the sun played its part in another class of group pulsations. The sun
was not homogeneous in its bombardment of the whole earth surface. Solar
eether drove a vector over and through the earth. Several group pulsations
were the result of this passage. There were geological modifications and magnifications
of these effects. A whole class of eether pulsations were solar related.
This pulsation train was unidirectional, eether passed into the earth, flowed
around it, and went off into interplanetary space.
Streaming eether would have, in fact, been problematic in this effort. Pulsations
offered the possibility of an increased engine efficiency. The impulse
transmitter would be so synchronized as the apply its groundward eether blasts
at the exact instant in which a space pulse arrived. It would rest with the arrival
of the natural relaxation interval. Arranging a higWy resistive condition had
been the work of engineers for countless centuries. This discovery and situation,
revolutionary and futuristic from every aspect, required the opposite engineering
conditions. Tesla had long experimented with the use of liquid air to
refrigerate his systems. He was first to find that zero-resistance could actually
be established in cryogenically cooled circuit components. Non-resistance was
the key. The key to extracting momentum, power from the eether!
In order to fully utilize the groundward space eetheric flow, one Simply had
to conform with its natural pulsations. Tesla Transmitter stations had to accommodate
these incoming pulsations with least resistivity. Tesla designed
systems to accommodate cryogenic liquids for this purpose. Side branch circuits
would appropriate the pressures from this main flux, applying them for
broadcast purposes at quicker impulse rates. Tesla believed it was possible to
arrange the parameters of his system to best enable earth absorption of greaterthan-
normal eetheric quantities. The large aerial terminal would focus in eether
streams, beneath the station, a very deep and considerably broad ground system
would spread out this concentrated flux into the earth, where it would find
its way through to the upper core. Establishing the initial ‘power draw” required
a special function which Tesla had already worked out.
The station would therefore operate in a fixed ‘pumping cycle”, drawing
eether down into the ground in strong pulsations. Space eether flowed into the
ground in a smooth flood. When his impulse transmitters accelerated the downward
eether flow, large pulsations flooded the ground. On the surface, this
appeared as growing power pulsations. The pulsations actually passed downward
into and through the ground as body waves. These travelled with
superluminal velocity within the subterranean depths. £ther impelled as pulsations
of this kind did not cease moving. Indeed, a flow had been established
which, once induced, would not stop moving.
The impulse synchronization was the key to receiving and securing the
natural eether flow. That impulse rate had to be exact and had to match the
incoming pulsations. After this low-resistance condition had been established
for the incoming pulsations, voltage was the key toward drawing in the space
eether, Tesla calculated that a value of 100,000,000 Volts would be necessary
to stimulate a sufficient toflux. Superhigh eether pressures would therefore be
applied into the ground, pulling on the elevated terminal. This powerful depressurizing
pull on the normal incoming eether flow above the station would
draw eether in from the entire overlying space. £ther streams would gradually
bend into the elevated terminal. The system would accommodate the normal
space process by offering a non-resistant path for each incoming pulse. The
selected pulse range was designed to appropriate the natural influx. A synchronized
eetheric pulse train was to be “driven”I by an application of station
energy, into the ground. This pulse train would be provided at the rate of
150,000 pulses per second, impulses each being followed by a specific relaxation
The pulsation range which Tesla chose was one permitting maximum energy
absorption for an attainable large size. The transmitter would be built to
produce 150,000 eether pulsations per second, each impulse lasting for approximately
(.0062 milliseconds). Calculations showed Tesla that this assembly
volume would indeed bring in enough energy to demonstrate industrial
potential. Besides proving that eether energy could literally drive the station,
providing an eternal flow of power into the earth under controlled conditions,
Tesla planned to show the distant reception of eether energy from his station.
Receivers would be established at various long distances from the site, each
being a model home or industrial plant. Tesla would prove to his antagonists,
who incidentally were providing him with funds for the experiment, that esther
power would replace fuel oil.
The first requirement Tesla demanded for an experimental station of this
kind was elevation. He need to place his experimental station at a height far
above any intervening natural structures. The second requirement was isolation.
He needed absolute separation from cities and towns, indeed from all
human life. This latter feature was a precaution against possible “accidents”.
Tesla inferred that an uncontrollable process could develop during the experiment
which he planning to undertake. Tesla was initially frightened that such
a vast increase in local eether flux might have dire consequences if strict control
features could not be found. His concern reached extreme levels, when calculations
showed him the possible results of his intended “experiment”. The
highly focussed eether streams which he was intending on drawing down would
also bring increased bombardments of the local geology, and subsequent phenomenal
effects which might get beyond his control. What effects’ Tesla fully
anticipated that the artificially intensified eethericflow might cause disturbances
in the ground, bombardments whose released heat and electrical discharges
might trigger rock shearing. Should he lose control of the eethericinflux, through
inadvertent inability to moderate its unpredictable growth factor, the atmosphere
might begin to “burn”.
What Tesla meant by this had nothing to do with chemical burning. He
meant that the eetheric bombardment would begin a process of elemental
dissolution, where atmospheric gases would be quickly converted into eether
and other by-products. In such a nightmarish scenario, the atmosphere would
be driven into the growing eether column, a mounting avalanche without control.
He feared that, should such a sudden surge remove control from his
hands, the station would, be destroyed. But this would not stop the cascading
eetheric column, which would self-intensify itself to world-devastating potentials.
He often published these intimations, mentioning the possibility that such
a sudden flux could “split the earth in half”. It was toward averting these fearful
scenarios that he now applied his mind’s best efforts. He declared that the
experiment would not be undertaken should no natural control process appear.
Tesla realized that the flow of eether through his Transmitter would meet
with a gradually increasing degree of resistance, when electrons began forming
along the otherwise smooth path. This would soon choke the eether flow,
causing an avalanche of electron manufacture. If not adequately handled, the
growing electron flux would moderate and quench the reaction. While limiting
the efficiency of his “eether engine”, other dangers could ensue. The ultimate
result of this electron manufacture process would be a dangerous electrostatic
condition which could kill. Once this process began, a charge-farming
avalanche was inevitable. The accumulation of these charges could destroy
the Transmitter itself. Should a means not be engineered to eliminate them
from the area, the electron manufacture process would multiply itself quite
rapidly and unpredictably. With unpredictably increased eether flow, the formation
of dangerous blue-white electric sparks would begin discharging from
the terminals and all parts of the Transmitter.
Thus, before he undertook the large-scale experiment, he had already
glimpsed his “control factor”. He had already found the very means for “moderating”
the reaction. It was electricity itself Electricity, the retarding factor in
his every experiment with pure eethertc energy, would provide the moderating
influence. The “moderator” which Tesla so desperately sought, the blessing
and the curse, was electrical charge itself. How ironic that the very substance
which he had so successfully eliminated in his circuitry, now returned as an
agent of moderation to prevent a world catastrophe!
The problem demanded that a special automatic leakage system be established
to rid the system of electrons as quickly as they appeared. It was during
the “rest period”, one which followed each impulse, that the apparatus could
discharge its excess electrons into the environment. In this way, a continuous
absorption of eether, and elimination of electrons, could be sequentially arranged.
In effect, the apparatus was a 2.stroke engine. £ther came in, electrons
went out. Tesla did not wish to harvest and use the electrons. Eliminated
to the environment in successive pulses, these most certainly produced a distinct
species of slow subluminal waves in the ground. Balanced and flowing in
eether, the only problem central to the continuous operation of an industrial
sized plant would be the safe discharge of excess electrons. He needed some
kind of “automatic valve” which could leak the electrons away as quickly as
they appeared. The elevated terminal would necessarily now be given a double
function. Its large absorption area would appropriate the incoming eether pulses,
but a second geometry would work to leak away excess electrons to the air.
Tesla planned a double function in later designs which he patented. In this,
dangerous electrons are harmlessly and cyclically “leaked off” into the air
through the aerial terminal. A large metal shell with innumerable Stipples provided
that eether would be absorbed, through the broad surface, while electrons
would be dispersed, through the stipples. In the famed embodiment at
Wardenclyffe Station, his first industrial Power Broadcaster, the final form of
the terminal was to be an edge-rounded hemisphere completely studded with
a great quantity of large Single terminal vacuum globes. Tesla observed some
of these phenomena while yet in his Houston Street Laboratory, and considered
several means for eliminating the problem. But here was the very factor
which he had so long hoped to find, a means for insuring that Nature could
indeed stop the reaction before it grew out of proportion to wreak world havoc.
Engineers who studied his press releases and publications were fixated on
the notion hat Tesla was intending to “pump the ground with electricity”, an
error which has forever clouded the issues germane to comprehending his
various World Power Systems. The fact which so few analysts have retained
amid their many errors deals with that of “station disengagement from the
utilities”. Freedom from utilities. Once such an eetheric “channel” had been
stimulated through the Transmitter, it would be possible to disengage the apparatus
from the electrical power source altogether. The system was made to
simply flow in eether current. Once the flowing condition had been sufficiently
established, control factors being monitored and adjusted throughout the operation
cycle, this system would work on retheric energy alone. Forever. Such
a technological marvel would stimulate a world revolution in power. His Transmitter
would effectivelybecome the literal duct or vent wherein such an eetheric
channel would actually flow.
The system would be designed to absorb eether pulsations at an accessible
natural pulse rate, and then disperse this energy through the medium of the
earth at several other pulsation rates. Not only was the system to receive prime
.,ther power, but it would also rebroadcast it through the ground in a host of
related pulse rates for utility. Home and industry would receive eetheric current
through the ground as planned, none of the pulsation rates interfering
with the station operation. The plan was exquisite. The end of fuel. The only
electrical application needed was the “initiation train”. But this plan required a
large installation, one which would not be without its attendant problems.
Tesla chose his site atop a plateau in Colorado Springs, then a virtual pioneer
town. At a height of 6000 feet above sea level, the site gave him the
required elevation. Here also was sufficient isolation from populations. Placed
in solid contact with the plateau tablerock. Tesla chose this geologically deep
natural conductor to permit an unhindered downrush of eether, a secret he
carried with him. Anticipating the undreamed, he moved all of his more mobile
components to this site in May 1899, and began construction. His exertions
were astounding. Once the station was complete, several tests would be
necessarily conducted to affirm the circuit parameters in the geological site.
The station parameters were built on what now appears to be a gigantic scale.
The large housing structure was made of wooden beams, of dimensions nearly
100 feet on each side. The roof was nearly as high, reaching 80 feet, having a
large sliding section for the elevation of various terminals and capacity surfaces
The building was held up with large buttresses. Within this structure were
the components of genius. The primary and secondary of the largest Tesla
transformer ever built in history were wound, one above the other, upon an
immense cylindrical wall of wooden construction, some 75 feet in diameter
and 10 feet in height. An extra coil was poised in the very center of this cylindrical
form, elevated on a stand several feet above the flooring. This extra coil
had 75 widely spaced wire turns, being wound on a skeletal wooden cylinder.
This extra coil was some 10 feet in diameter and 10 feet in height The elevated
capacity terminal, a large wooden ball covered in tinfoil, was connected
to this extra coil by a thick cable. Through the roof window, this cable rose to
a height of 200 feet fixed to a tall wooden mast.
Tesla constructed a very ingenious capacitor bank, made of large water
bottles. Salt water was poured into each to a fixed height connector rods fitted
into the same. The entire assembly of jars were placed in a large tub of tinfoil,
also filled with salt water to a depth of a foot or more. This electrolytic assemblage
provided a formidable storage capacity, and was easily modified as well
as cost-efficient. Power was provided by a large Westinghouse transformer.
This power was used to drive a high voltage dynamo, providing some 50,000
volts DC. The dynamo was connected to a motor driven spark disrupter which
provided a preliminary pulsation rate. Through choke coils, this preliminary
pulsing current was applied to a large magnetic disrupter. This in turn was
applied to the capacitor bank and the large primary coil (see figure).
The first step in his process involved an initiatory “jump-start”. When the
switch was closed, eethertc shockwave energy passed over the secondary, and
flowed up into the elevated terminal. Transformed into the calculated potential
of 100,000,000 volts lasting for the calculated (0.0062 milliseconds), eether
poured from space into the station during the interval. Each successive impulse was followed by its short but specific rest period, and the process was repeated for as long a time as deemed necessary. Some 150,000 groups of applied impulses and rest periods made up each second’s worth of initiation
time. In the absence of discernible information from the notes which Tesla left
us, this critical “rest period” is difficult to ascertain. Nevertheless it is an important
lost piece of information necessary to the reestablishment of any such
The aerial terminal was so designed to absorb eether and discharge electrons
in opposed cycles. The incoming eether energy would be handled by the
various within the station, side branching circuits made to appropriate the
pure pulsing energy, while converting it into various pulse rates for rebroadcast.
The initiatory impulse would start the avalanche, the space eether flowing
with gradually increasing intensity. Tesla would control and maximize the volumes
of incoming eether until the flow became “permanent”. At first Tesla had
difficulty balancing and establishing proper parameters. Eventually, however,
the conditions which originally desired became a routine process. Tesla planned
to train his operators in this art, having accepted several personnel to this end.
One, Fritz Lowenstein, later was found to be a “spy” for one of his financial
enemies. Tesla discovered this when several mysterious “accidents” occurred
in the Colorado Springs Station.
During this testing period, Tesla encountered several phenomena for which
he was not totally prepared or forearmed. In small preliminary tests, the primary
eetheric pulsation produced “stationary waves”, fountains of white streamers
which appeared instantly and which also grew to large proportions with
time all around the activation site. Tesla mentioned the “standing waves” only
when referring to the attendant slow electron waves, manufactured through
the bombarding action of eether in the earth. The different names of each
waveform related different processes, unforeseen phase interferences which
Tesla encountered during his tests at the Experimental Station in Colorado.
Problematic to the action of his system, these successive waveforms thus
appeared at the station out of phase. Now, both eether waves and electron
waves came back to their sourcepotnt, the fact that Tesla quizzically mentioned
to the press. When stating that “the earth behaves as a conductor of
limited extent”, he was not referring to the discovery that the earth can store
electricity! He already knew this. He was referring to the problem of destructive
interference, one of phasing among two contrary and mutually opposed
wave species. This behavior of the “earth as a conductor of limited extent” was
not a thrilling fact to Tesla. It was an annoying problem. He would have preferred
a conductor of infinite extent, one in which all received eether power
could be set free, along with the attendant contaminating electrons. Because
the earth held onto the electrons so tenaciously, there were literal repercussions
at the station which taxed his intellect far too much for his own pleasure.
Here was the situation. }Ether waves flowed with superlumtnal velocity from
the station and into the earth proper. These were neutral pressure waves whose
instantaneous movement through the ground was slightly slowed by resistance
process. A continual lagging backflow of eether “pressure echoes” appeared at
the station with unprecedented force. The application of eether to the ground
brought a fountain-like condition to the station area. In the absence of appropriate
elevated capacity, eether streams stood out of the ground vertically. These
were the “stationary waves” of which Tesla so often delighted to speak. These
were the powerful zetheric emanations which offered humanity a new means
for obtaining limitless power from outer space, and for rebroadcasting the
same through the ground to any needed point. IEther waves are neutral pressures
of enormous energetic potential. Opposed to the desired neutral eether
pressure waves, there were those slow alternating electron waves. Electrons,
developed by eether bombardment in the rocky crustal matter at the station,
choked the otherwise continuous movement of eether pulses. But the aerial
release of these from the system induced slow subluminal electrical waves
throughout the earth. The very presence of these completely interfered with
the system. Fast downward eether pressure pulses were met by slow rising
alternating electrical waves. The opposed pulsation of fast eether and slow
alternating electron waves would destructively interfere with one another.
Tesla referred to the eetheric phenomenon as “stationary waves”, He referred
to the electronic phenomenon as “standing waves”. Stationary waves,
instantaneous whitefire fountains. Standing waves, slow electron waves. Stationary
waves occur in incompressible fluids. IEther is incompressible. Stationary
waves are the charge-neutral products of pressured fluids in fixed conductors.
Stationary waves pulsate in a unidirectional manner. Standing waves are
the result of alternating compressions and rarefactions, characteristic of electron
currents in fixed conductors. Tesla knew that these two different waves
could react, one upon another, in restricted ways. You will remember that he
strove to separate eether streams from electrons. Electrons quenched eether
streams by encapsulating and pinching them off. So long as electrons contaminated
eether streams, only the gross electrons would dominate. Also, the concentrated
eetheric streams actually manufactured electrons. Striking into already
manufactured electron streams would Simply intensify the condensation
process. A veritable electron avalanche would follow, the process so poised as
to interfere destructively. Unless a proper relationship could be arranged between
the two energy forms, one could not expect a highly efficient acquisition
of eether power.
The difference between these two waveforms had been critical for Tesla to
comprehend and rearrange. Only a Tesla could have balance the two contrary
actions. It was ironically the slower electron waves which determined the
tempo at which the system would operate, since these alterations would keep
appearing long after the eether flow had begun its resonant rise. Tesla now
calculated and readjusted the impulse-rest intervals so that the two opposed
wave species would never destructively interfere. Timing was the critical key.
Each would glide past the other undisturbed and non-interfering.
The first full-scale tests of this experimental station took place throughout
the month of July 1899. Tesla found that each groundward pulsation of the
Transmitter brought such a volume of space eether down through the system
that it was difficult to control the exchange process. Once the “,theric draft had
been successfully induced, charge formation could actually be utilized to slow
and moderate the downward growing flood. Tesla always measured increased
electron surges in his Transmitters. His aerial terminal bought in an unprecedented
electron avalanche, measuring some 1100 amperes of the current.
Indirectly this was a measure of eether flow, for it was eether which manufactured
the electrons. This current increase demonstrated the continuous formation
of charge in the metallic conductors of the Transmitter, the result of “,theric
bombardments through the system. It was just as he had foreseen. This central
problem which he encountered, and which he finally solved, became the usable
solution to his first fears. The formation of electrical charges was being
used now to slow the eether flow, which otherwise would continue growing out
of control (see figure).
The Transmitter operated as an incredible Magnifier of eether. Tesla noted
with fascination the fact that pulsations in the eetheric downpour seemed to
formed a zone of ever increasing power. In this zone, successive eether pulses superimposed in a manner which was not usual. The growth characteristic of
these pulsations provided an ever increasing supply, with the local zone surrounding
the Transmitter becoming a site of strange effects. He found it indeed
possible to disengage the Transmitter from the electrical power source
after only a few seconds of application time, the proof encrypted and preserved
in his Cunningly captioned photographs.
Tesla spoke of two different waveforms, “stationary waves” and “standing
waves”, when discussing the effects which his Magntfying Transmitter had produced
in the earth. The “standing waves” related to the consequences of alternating
charge waves stimulated by the successive aerial release of manufactured
electrons. The “stationary waves” were wonderful phenomena of ground
conducted ;ether currents. Once the stream began flowing through his system,
magnification processes would draw in an ever increasing eether supply. The
more “opened” the system became, the more eether would flow. He could
moderate this eether avalanche with certain drive coils which slowed the rest
intervals during which electrons were released. In this was, the eether would be
limited from “going critical”.
The avalanche magnification factor would have to be strictly controlled by
the station operator. Because eether was rarefied in the space above and around
the station, a condition brought about by the downward pumping action, a
powerful and dangerous response would result throughout the incoming stream.
Working its way back out into space, the pulsations would force the supply
streams to flow with greater force into the Transmitter. Because eether responds
to Simple pressure laws, the Transmitter would ultimately summon responses
from its very source. A strange form of communication would this be possible
between two very distant points, a communications technique which Tesla
The stationary wave was an effect unknown in electrical science. It was
unknown because electricity is a bipolar manifestation. }Ether, being a neutral
Radiant Energy, has more in common with gases. Densified ;ether streams
were more like fluids. Stationary waves were a familiar feature in fluidics, where
the application of streams to enclosed containers brought immense fountainlike
effects. Tesla played with the science critics when patenting an apparently
banal design for a water fountain. In this ovoid shaped system, Tesla encrypted
his stationary wave secrets. Years later, Victor Schauberger developed eggshaped
vessels into which streams of water were introduced at high pressure.
The result cavitating turbulence produced frothing jets which emerged in pulsations.
Stationary waves are produced when force is applied to an mcornpressible
fluid which has been constrained within a fixed volume. The fixed
volume of smoothly rounded containers rigidly hold fluidic pressure jets and
produced enormous fountains. These fountains appear instantly with the very
first application of pressure. The fountains emerge from the entrant orifice,
unless otherwise arranged. The effect is illustrated with an ordinary sink which
has been filled to a height with water. Drops which have been directed to
specific parts of the water surface, at specific velocities, can raise a sudden thin
fountain high enough to strike one in the face!
Ether is neutral. Because of its electroneutrality, eether reflections produce
no alternations. ,Ether reflections produce stationary waves, where geometrically
fixed zones of streaming eether are observed. Tesla applied eether “blasts”
into the ground. These blasts moved the eether reservoir already absorbed
within the earth in an instantaneous pulse, resulting in a sudden rether fountain
all around his station. The pulse travelled through the ground, unaffected by
its encounter with various rock strata. Nevertheless, when this pulse finally
reached a sufficient resistance, or change of mass density, the flow was sufficiently
refracted to surge back up toward its source. The effect occurs instantaneously
because earth absorbed esther is a dense and incompressible fluid.
The entire effect thus derives from refraction effects in the variable resistance
of earth rock.
The bunching action of eether, both entering the ground from above, and
that rising from beneath, produced an overwhehning pressure rise in a fixed
location. These waves were, in the Tesla lexicon, truly “stationary”. Rising up
like a fountain of white light, they remained fixed to the station perimeter and
“stationary”. In addition, it seems likely that Tesla discovered, natural “vents”
where “,theric pressures persistently emerge. Such natural loci evidence strong
upwelling gusts of natural eether which may be tapped at for power. These
strange natural features explained why certain locations far from his station
suddenly erupted with columns of stuttering white light. Indeed, many such
locations do exist across the world, places which flow at rare intervals with a
white light. This phenomena is due to sudden natural cascades of space eether,
an otherwise invisible downpour (see figure).
The “fountain effects” which surrounded his station are not responsible for
the ever growing power observed by Tesla. This was the result of an incoming
eethenc supply for which his Transmitter gave low-resistant passage. The incoming
eetheric flow preferred the transmitter terminal to adjacent, more resistant
rock. This gradual flow process soon evidenced itself in magnificatton
effects, ever increasing volumes of flowing eether being measured in his system.
Some have argued that Tesla merely stored energy in the earth, extracting
it for use later. This is a basic error, the result of imagining the Colorado
Springs experiment to be one consisting entirely of electrical effects (Grotz). It
is in this light alone that we may comprehend the evident anomalous magnification
of eethertc phenomena in his Colorado Springs photographs.
Once eether energy had been obtained from space, it had to be conveyed to
consumers. Tesla had arrange for the automatic activation of eether rebroadcast
circuits in the station. The downpouring eetherwere automatically shunted
to side circuits through capacitors. In these side branches, rether pulsed through
dielectrics and expanded over the surfaces of his smaller coils. Thus stimulated to more rapid pulsation rates, they were ready for “rebroadcast”. Being
rebroadcast away from the station through large vacuum globes, poised on
elevated platforms, these were the eetheric pulsations which would be utilized
in home and industry. Simple and compact receivers would be established in
every home and factory, set to receive eetheric current through the ground.
Tests were thrilling. Distant appliances, lamps and motors, responded to the
powerful pulsations as if physically connected to the station by wire. A small
house-like structure was established some 26 miles away from the station. In it,
an eetheric power receiver was tuned to one of the rebroadcast rates. The 200
lamps housed within this structure, each of 50 watts rating, all remained brilliantly
illuminated throughout the lest runs. This apparently stimulated enough
excitement and concern for word of this development to get back east.
Engineers were enraged. Those who had missed his most early shift from
alternations to impulses, failed to comprehend the vast distinction between
“stationary waves” and “standing waves”. The quizzical use of specific terms
such as these was a Tesla Irademark, one designed to puzzle the minds of
those who criticized him the most. With the exception of a very few colleagues
who continually made related discoveries in <Etherphysics, most academes
had chosen to remain totally ignorant of the new study area. This for example
was the case with the Teslian use of the term “frequency” and of “resonance”,
words which had completely different meanings for Tesla. Teslian “frequency”
refers to the repetition of pulses per second. Teslian “resonance” refers to
conditions in which eether flows with little or no resistance through systems,
whether proximal or widely separated.
Photographs which Tesla sent to his “financiers” were analyzed and reexamined
repeatedly from their encrypted meaning. None could decipher the
cunning puzzle which Tesla had set hefore them. Tesla stated that photographs
of the eetheric whitefire streamers required several minutes’ exposure time
before registering the faintest sort of impression. Most of the plates were therefore
the result of more than 20 minutes’ exposure lime. There are a very few
plates which, though stated to be the result of “one brief switch closure”, are
covered with dense, thick white streamers, One fraction of a second closure on
the system switch resulted in a twenty minute or more eether avalanche. Magnifying
Transformers continued discharging long after the initial impulse had
AETHER POWER RECEIVERS
Tesla returned to New York exultant. He was about to establish a new
world precedent. Venture capitalists were everywhere, looking for their opportunity
to enter the “new energy” market. Unknown to Tesla, his station, its
tower, the large coils, the capacitors, and all the other marvelous apparatus
which demonstrated free eetheric power to the world had been acquired for
demolition. Tesla Simply went forward, securing new funds from Morgan and
others toward the development of a fully functional industry sized station in
Long Island. Wardenclyffe Station. Wardenclyffe would be his greatest achievement.
Here he would broadcast power to the world, along with a communications
network which could span the globe with innumerable available channels.
}Ether wave communications. Several stations would augment the power
of this first station, from which he proposed to rebroadcast 10,000 horsepower.
The Station, a wonderful visionary structure which dominated the view of
Shoreham, Long Island was not quite complete before it too was seized by
couri injunctions and torn down (see figure).
Tesla was summoned to appear in court. The amazing transcript of this
proceeding has been secured by Mr. Leland Anderson, who has since published
a wonderful treatise with this transcript as the centerpiece. Tesla said he
wept when he saw the ruined tower in Wardenclyffe. The train ride back from
Shoreham was ftlled with tears and the recounting of every tragedy which
marked his life. But the dreams did not die there. In the absence of financial
means to construct his gigantic stations, Tesla found ways to build small systems
which accomplished the very same objectives. Replacing the large overhead capacity terminal with material substitutes, radioactive metals in combination
with other dense elements, Tesla was able to accrete and focus eether
pulsations of super short duration.
Tesla was then plunged into a hellish time, where all but one would neither
help or hear him. Dr. John Hammond requested Tesla to be the permanent
guest on his family estate. There, amid the family life of Hammond Castle,
Tesla shared his dreams and technology. Together, he and Dr. Hammond
developed the science of robots and remote guidance. Tesla, impoverished by
the inhuman treatment wrought on him by the financial establishment, was
nonetheless quite alive and valuable to those having singular ambition to dominate
the world radio trade. For a very long time, Nikola Tesla was considered
“out of circulation”.
But later years turned a kindlier edge toward him. Long after his principle
foe had died, others sought him out. Employed by the Rockefellers in their
RCA venture, Tesla was given the task of restructuring the now failing Marconi
System. David Sarnoff did not permit Tesla the dignity of working under his
own name! Nevertheless it was Tesla, not Sarnoff, who redesigned the insufficient
RCA radio systems to sufficiently tum a profit for the owners. It is significant that Tesla was not allowed to change the basic design from wave radio to
radiant communication. What he achieved required certain strange conversions
within the wave radio circuitry, intensifying radiant Signals until the operation
was much improved, and then converting the amplified Signals back to
waves once again. All of this was achieved within the chassis, certain of which
are now being studied. These Tesla experimental models are typical of the
Tesla style, containing no resistors or other such components. These models
use simple transmitter tubes and employ a great number of symmetrically
disposed conical air coils.
While working for RCA under the name “Terbo”, his mother’s maiden
name, Tesla maintained his two penthouse suites atop the Hotel New Yorker.
One penthouse was his living quarters, the other a full scale research laboratory.
Tesla designed and built small compact and portable eether energy receivers,
a developmental path which he pursued to his passing. Tesla had long
investigated the use of pure dielectric field energy, a stream of eether whose
individual pulsations were so very ultrashort that science had never found a
means to harness the energy impulses. Tesla later held the opinion that dielectric
current was composed of radiant particles, eetheric in nature. He therefore
sought natural sources in which native dielectric fields could be used as they
were, without the need for mammoth voltage “shocks” to stimulate eetheric
currents. Tesla knew that if dielectric eether streams could be directly engaged,
a true world of the future would be in his grasp. Furthermore, the mass-production
of thousands and ten thousands of such power receivers would be an
unstoppable army. An army of miniatures which could never be torn down.
The implications were fathomless. Tesla had found a truly new and wonderful
approach to an old problem. Once because his technology had not yet
grown to the level where this was possible, he had to settle for impressing the
naturally prolific eether streams with “extra” pulsations. The Transmitter method
was costly, gargantuan, and an easy target for those who hated the notion of
future world where dreams rule humanity. Dielectric energy fascinated Tesla.
It was everywhere, a natural emanation whose potentials far outproportioned
conventional notions of power. Indeed, the early conception of natural radioactivity
as an energetic source was nothing in comparison to the potential power
inherent in dielectric streams. The new technology would use ultra-short pulsing
eether streams, energies which occupied most of his latter press conferences
in latter years. Study had convinced Tesla that the apparently smooth
and native force characteristic of dielectric field energy was actually a particulate
flux, a succession of ultrashort impulses. The derivation of such an irnpulse
train would solve all energy needs for eternity with an elegance far outreaching
his own Magnifier Transmitter.
Of a truth, dielectric energy was a native source of incredible proportion
and virtually eternal duration. Able to use such a kinetic source, one could
dispense entirely with the Power Transmitters necessary in stimulating and
impressing “extra pulsations” on the eether flow. Tesla often defined the dielectric
field as a natural flow of eether particles, one which seemed impossible to
utilize through lack of appropriate resistive materials. In order to obtain momentum
from the flowing particles of a dielectric field, one required special
matter poised in equally special symmetries. The otherwise continuous flow
could be absorbed directly, being exchanged to utilities, appliances, and other
Tesla had already considered the condition of charged particles, each representing
a tightly constricted whorl of eether. The force necessarily exerted at
close distances by such eetheric constrictions was incalculably large. £theric
ponderance maintained particulate stability. Crystalline lattices were therefore
places within which one could expect to find unexpected voltages. Indeed, the
high voltages inherent in certain metallic lattices, intra-atomic field energies,
are enormous. The close Coulomb gradient between atomic centers are electrostatic
potentials reaching humanly unattainable levels. By comparison, the
voltages which Tesla once succeeded in releasing were quite insignificant. In
these balanced lattices, Tesla sought the voltages needed to initiate directed
“,theric streams in matter. Once such a flow began, one could simply tap the
stream for power. In certain materials, these rether streams might automatically
produce the contaminating electrons, a source of energy for existing appliances.
One could theoretically then “tailor” the materials needed to produce
unexpected eetheric power with or without the attendant detrital particles.
Tesla did mention the latent eethenc power of charge forces, the explosive
potentials of bound eether, and the eetheric power inherent in matter. In
these studies, Tesla sought replacement for the 100,000,000 volt initiating pulses
which natural law required for the implementation of space eether. Tesla had
long been forced to abandon those gigantic means by other, less natural laws.
Thereafter, Tesla shifted his attentions from the appreciation of the gigantic
to an appreciation of the miniature. He sought a means for proliferating an
immense number of small and compact eether power receivers. With ODe such
device, Tesla succeeded in obtaining power to drive an electric car. But for the
exceptional account which follows, we would have little information on this
last period in Tesla’s productive life, one which very apparently did not cease
its prolific streams of creativity to his last breath. The information comes through
an unlikely source, one rarely mentioned by Tesla biographers. It chanced
that an aeronautical engineer, Derek Ahlers, met with one of Tesla’s nephews
then living in New York. Theirs was an acquaintance lasting some 10 years,
consisting largely of anecdotal commentaries on Dr. Tesla. Mr. Save provided
an enormous fund of knowledge concerning many episodes in Testa’s last
Himself an Austrian military man and a trained aviator, Mr. Savo was extremely
opened about certain long-cherished incidents in which his uncle’s
genius was consistently made manifest. Mr. Savo reported that in 1931, he
participated in an experiment involving retheric power. Unexpectedly, almost
inappropriately, he was asked to accompany his uncle on a long train ride to
Buffalo. A few times in this journey, Mr. Savo asked the nature of their journey.
Dr. Tesla remained unwilling to disclose any information, speaking rather
directly to this issue. Taken into a small garage, Dr. Tesla walked directly to a
Pierce Arrow, opened the hood and began making a few adjustroents. In place
of the engine, there was an AC motor. This measured a little more than 3 feet
long, and a little more than 2 feet in diameter. From it trailed two very thick
cables which connected with the dashboard. In addition, there was an ordinary
12 volt storage battery. The motor was rated at 80 horsepower. Maximum
rotor speed was stated to be 30 turns per second. A 6 foot antenna rod
was fitted into the rear section of the car.
Dr. Tesla stepped into the passenger side and began making adjustments
on a “power receiver” which had been built directly into the dashboard. The
receiver, no larger than a shortwave radio of the day, used 12 special tubes
which Dr. Tesla brought with him in a boxlike case. The device had been prefitted
into the dashboard, no larger than a shortwave receiver. Mr. Savo told
Mr. Ahler that Dr. Tesla built the receiver in his hotel room, a device 2 feet in
length, nearly I foot wide, a 1(2foot high. These curiously constructed tubes
having been properly installed in their sockets, Dr. Tesla pushed in 2 contact
rods and informed Peter that power was now available to drive. Several additional
meters read values which Dr. Tesla would not explain. Not sound was
heard. Dr. Tesla handed Mr. Savo the ignition key and told him to start the
engine, which he promptly did. Yet hearing nothing, the accelerator was applied,
and the car instantly moved. Tesla’s nephew drove this vehicle without
other fuel for an undetermined long interval. Mr. Savo drove a distance of 50
miles through the city and out to the surrounding countryside. The car was
tested to speeds of 90 mph, with the speedometer rated to 120.
After a time, and with increasing distance from the city itself, Dr. Tesla felt
free enough to speak. Having now become sufficiently impressed with the
performance of both his device and the automobile. Dr. Tesla informed his
nephew that the device could not only supply the needs of the car forever, but
could also supply the needs of a household “with power to spare”. When
originally asked how the device worked, Tesla was initially adamant and refused
to speak. Many who have read this “apocryphal account” have stated it
to be the result of an “energy broadcast”. This misinterpretation has Simply
caused further confusions concerning this stage of Tesla’s work. He had very
obviously succeeded in performing, with this small and compact device, what
he had learned in Colorado and Shoreham.
As soon as they were on the country roads, clear of the more congested
areas, Tesla began to lecture on the subject. Of the motive source he referred
to “a mysterious radiation which comes out of the eether”. The small device
very obviously and effectively appropriated this energy. Tesla also spoke very
glowingly of this providence, saying of the energy itself that “it is available in
limitless quantities”. Dr. Tesla stated that although “he did not know where it
came form, mankind should be very grateful for its presence”. The two remained
in Buffalo for 8 days, rigorously testing the car in the city and countryside.
Dr. Tesla also told Mr. Savo that the device would soon be used to drive
boats, planes, trains, and other automobiles. Once, just before leaving the city
limits, they stopped at a streetlight and a bystander joyfully commented concerning
their lack of exhaust fumes. Mr. Savo spoke up whimsically, saying
that they had “no engine”. They left Buffalo and travelled to a predetermined
location which Dr. Tesla knew, an old farmhouse bam some 20 miles from
Buffalo. Dr. Tesla and Mr. Savo left the car in this bam, took the 12 tubes and
the ignition key, and departed.
Later on, Mr. Savo heard a rumor that a secretary had spoken candidly
about both the receiver and the test run, being promptly fired for the security
breach. About a month after the incident, Mr. Savo received a call from a man
who identified himself as Lee De Forest, who asked how he enjoyed the car.
Mr. Savo expressed his joy over the mysterious affair, and Mr. de Forest declared
Tesla the greatest living scientist in the world. Later, Mr. Savo asked his
uncle whether or not the power receiver was being used in other applications.
He was informed that Dr. Tesla had been negotiating with a major shipbuilding
company to build a boat with a similarly outfltted engine. Asked additional
questions, Dr. Tesla became annoyed. Highly concerned and personally
strained over the security of this design, it seems obvious that Tesla was
performing these tests in a desperate degree of secrecy for good reasons. Tesla
had already been the victim of several manipulations, deadly actions entirely
sourced in a Single financial house. For this reason, secrecy and care had become
his only recent excess.
Dr. Nikola Tesla quietly passed away on January 7, 1943. Not many hours
after his passing an official operation had been dispatched for the reclamation
of all papers by Tesla. To this end, several figures of the National Defense
Research Committee along with key members of the Office of Naval Intelligence.
Several thousand complete technical transcripts were retrieved, the priceless
work of his lifetime. Some 80 to 100large boxes filled with such completed
technical papers were retrieved in this operation. His safe was opened, and the
contents removed. Of all the agencies, military or academic, it seemed strange
that the Naval Research Laboratory should serve as prime recipient of this
literary treasurehouse. It is said that Tesla acted as an unwilling consultant in
the infamous Project Rainbow, a reason why perhaps Naval Intelligence would
claim this priority.
Official statements concerning these papers essentially proliferate a rumor
that these papers contained “nothing of worth”. Yet, attempts to retrieve them
have been fraught with technical restrictions imposed by an agency which
knows their true worth. One fact becomes ever clarified with increasing time.
Tesla perfected a science which few yet comprehend or can appreciate. Only
when judged against the rigid views held by electrical science, Teslian Technology
appears to be an impossibility. In electrical terms, none of the famed
Teslian claims can be supported.
Prejudicial in their views of Tesla, chiefly the result of ridicule heaped on
him by a few envious members of The Royal SOciety,Tesla was viewed with
increasing concern. Because these individuals did not comprehend the fact
that Tesla had indeed abandoned all work on high frequency alternating currents,
replacing this with an impulse technology, most continued to deride his
work. Then, in order to rationalize what demonstrations they saw Tesla performing,
an artificial battery of explanations was concocted from known electrical
principles. This is why the contemporary failure to achieve goals Teslian
has been so frustrating and enervating to all those who so engage. Such results
serve only to frustrate electricians, repel academicians, and tantalize military.
Of these three, the latter knows the truth. The military forms the only core
of professionals who know with absolute certainty that Tesla achieved what he
claimed. How do they know this?The older remaining officerswitnessed Tesla’s
demonstrations. But this opens a new world of questions. Why had they not
appropriated his work while he was available to develop his systems to full
perfection? Why had they not given him the much needed laboratory equipment
and staffing, in addition to the common courtesies of medical attention
and better daily fare, to complete his work? But the truth will out. And only
the truth now remains. The rest is silence.